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Catalog of Batak Texts: Calendars (Porhalaan)

catalog 48442

Bamboo tube inscribed with a Batak calendar. The bottom of the tube is closed. The tube is divided into two equal halves: one containing the calendar grid, and the other containing vertically arranged columns of Batak inscriptions distributed along three horizontal rows. The tube has been smoked in the final stage of the production process.

catalog 48468

Three bamboo tubes inscribed with a calendar (porhalaan). The tubes are attached to twine and were likely intended to be hung, suggesting their potential function as household amulets (pagars). The medium-length tube is divided into two panels: the front half containing the grid that depicts the days of the year and the second half containing inscriptions divided into vertical columns possibly detailing calendrical readings. The remaining two tubes contain inscribed texts. The shorter tube contains inscriptions divided into two sections by a band consisting of a row of figure 2 pattern. The longer tube contains inscriptions divided into two sections by a band consisting of interlocking "s" motif. At the end of the inscription are also ten incised figures with spikes. The tubes have been smoked in the finishing process.

catalog 48472

Bamboo tube inscribed with a calendar (porhalaan) and cosmological drawings. The bottom of the tube is sealed and stained a darker hue while the top end of the tube has a finished inner collar, suggesting that a lid may have originally been fastened to this opening. The tube is placed inside a cloth bag. The surface of the tube is inscribed with a grid depicting the days of the year and also three hexagram motifs representing constellations. The tube has been smoked in the finishing process.

catalog 48474

catalog 48475

catalog 48482 catalog 48483

Set of two bamboo tubes, possibly calendars with Batak text inscribed along a lined background. Grass twine is fastened around the two tubes.

catalog 48503

Twenty-one thin pieces of bamboo with names of the days of the month, used for divination. The strips are rectangular with a fashioned hole on top through which they could be strung together. The strips have been smoked in the final finishing process.