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Courses in MED Molecular and Integrative Physiology
The essential concern of physiology is how living things work and, as physiology relates to man, it is the study of the normal functioning of the human body. The methods and tools of physiology are those used in the experimental sciences, and its range cuts across many different scientific disciplines. Physiology emphasizes the basic functions of organs, the interactions and coordination of these diverse functions, and attempts to analyze these functions in terms of physical and chemical processes. A knowledge and understanding of the functioning of the body and its component parts is an essential part of a general education.

PHYSIOL 201 is intended to meet the needs and expectations of many types of students: those preparing for careers as doctors, nurses, medical technicians, and biology teachers; those who are interested in a systematic investigation of the biological sciences; and those who desire a general knowledge of physiology as part of a liberal arts education. Students must have at least sophomore standing or permission of instructor. PHYSIOL 502, like PHYSIOL 201, is a basic survey course covering all areas of human physiology. It has the same objectives as PHYSIOL 201, and advanced undergraduates who have the stated prerequisites are advised to elect it rather than PHYSIOL 201.

Chemistry Background for Introductory Physiology Courses. Although college chemistry is not a course prerequisite, approximately 80% of the students electing PHYSIOL 201 have had some college or high school chemistry. A background in chemistry is helpful for a basic understanding of physiology since physiology represents an attempt to explain how the body functions in terms of physical and chemical processes. Students who have had no chemistry or whose high school chemistry background is weak should not be discouraged from electing PHYSIOL 201. Such students, however, are encouraged to obtain the textbook prior to the start of the course and study the review chapter covering basic chemistry. While it is not necessary to master all the material contained in the review chapter, a general review of basic chemistry prior to the beginning of the term usually proves helpful.

Courses in Physiology are listed in the Schedule of Classes under the Medical School. The following count as LSA courses for LSA degree credit.

Physiology (PHYSIOL)
PHYSIOL 201. Introduction to Human Physiology
Students must have at least sophomore standing. Prior exposure to introductory chemistry is helpful. (4). (NS). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in PHYSIOL 502. F.

This course emphasized the basic functions of organs, the interactions and coordination of these diverse functions, and attempts to analyze these functions in terms of physical and chemical processes. It is intended to meet the needs and expectations of many types of students.

PHYSIOL 306. Problems
Consent of instructor required. PHYSIOL 201. (1 - 4). (BS). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 8 credits. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

PHYSIOL 405. Research Problems
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 4; 1 - 2 in the half-term). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 8 credits. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

PHYSIOL 502. Human Physiology
Introduction to biology and biochemistry. (4). (BS). May not be repeated for credit.

PHYSIOL 541 / ANATOMY 541 / PSYCH 532. Mammalian Reproductive Endocrinology
MCDB 310 or 311, or BIOLCHEM 415. (4). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. W.

A study of the physiological and behavior actions for reproductive hormones, which are responsible for the regulation of the reproductive systems and behavior. Topics include: The properties and mechanisms of action of pituitary gonadotropin and sex steroid hormones, the anatomy and endocrine regulation of the reproductive tracts (reproductive & maternal behavior), mechanisms of fertilization, implantation and development, the (neuro) endocrinology of mating and maternal behavior, pregnancy, and contraception.

PHYSIOL 576 / BIOLCHEM 576 / PHRMACOL 576. Signal Transduction
Two terms of organic chemistry; BIOLCHEM 415 or 451/452. Physical Chemistry is strongly recommended. (1). (BS). May not be repeated for credit. F.

A review of hormones and neurotransmitter receptors as well as the cellular effectors that are regulated by receptor activation. Oncogene products as signal transducers and the interaction of the known signaling pathways are also covered. The various techniques used to study signal transduction as well as important experimental strategies employing these techniques will also be presented.

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