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Courses in LSA Asian Languages & Cultures
Asian Studies (ASIAN)
ASIAN 415 / HISTORY 415. Law and Society in Late Imperial and Modern China
Junior or senior standing. No prior knowledge of China or Chinese required. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

The Chinese legal order is one of the great legal traditions that has not only exercised a tremendous influence on other legal systems in East Asia for centuries, but still exerts a considerable influence in China today. In recent years, new research methods and improved access to archival materials have shed new light on many aspects of Chinese legal history. This course explores major topics in Chinese legal history through selected readings of secondary and primary sources, as well as through audiovisual materials and fiction.

ASIAN 423 / HISTORY 423. Topics in Premodern South Asian History
(3). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This topics course explores themes in premodern South Asian history, allowing a deeper engagement at a thematic level rather than chronological. Students are asked to examine premodern South Asian history through an analysis of both primary and secondary sources.

ASIAN 424 / HISTORY 424. Topics in Modern South Asian History
(3). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This topics course explores themes in modern South Asian history, allowing for a deeper engagement at a thematic level rather than chronological. Students are asked to examine modern South Asian history through an analysis of both primary and secondary sources.

ASIAN 430. Philosophy of the Sikh Gurus
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course explores key philosophical concepts in the teachings and practice of the Sikh Gurus and how they apply to the contemporary world. Concepts include personal and impersonal notions of God, reality and nihilism, mystical experience, language and self, time and history, love and eroticism, and life and death.

ASIAN 435. Truth Claims in Indian Literature: Nonfiction Accounts of Gendered Discrimination
At least one 300-level Asian Studies course or an equivalent literature/culture studies course in another department. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course focuses on examples of translated Indian literary nonfiction that protest against a range of systemic violence, especially based on gender, caste and nationality. These literary texts combined with broader, theoretical readings help students explore questions about how English translations of world literature in various categories help us understand global issues of injustice.

ASIAN 439. Himalayas: An Aesthetic Exploration
Undergraduate and graduate students seeking to enroll for this course should have completed at least one course on the arts/languages/religions of South/Central/East Asia. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Studying Himalayan art and architecture offers an opportunity to embark on expeditions to distant frontiers, acquire critical appreciation of the impact of geography on cultural production and gain deeper understanding of historical process that have transpired in this region and continue to exert an influence in our own times.

ASIAN 450 / HISTORY 450. Japan to 1700: Origin Myth to Shogun Dynasty
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course discusses the history of Japan from prehistoric times to the final, unified Samurai polity. Topics include the rise of the imperial family, changing gender relations, multi-belief system, economic developments, samurai's legal culture and violence.

ASIAN 451 / HISTORY 451. Japan's Modern Transformations
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An exploration of the transformation of Japan from a semi-feudal state to a world economic power, with emphasis on the diversity and conflict that has shaped Japan's modern history.

ASIAN 458 / SAC 458. Film Culture in Korea
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will explore the history of Korean cinema through the framework of national/transnational cinema discourse, auteur/genre theory, globalization, the division system, and the problem of nation/state which evokes the question of identity. Students will learn Korean cinema through key films, directors, and dominant genres.

ASIAN 464 / RELIGION 464. From Mystic Saints to Holy Warriors: Islam in Southeast Asia
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Islam has taken many forms in Southeast Asia: from the sometimes otherworldly mysticism of Sufi saints to the hard-liner Islamist agendas of some contemporary jihadists. This course is an interdisciplinary exploration of these various forms of Islamic expression, viewing them through the lenses of history, culture, politics, and film.

ASIAN 467. Lu Xun and Modern China
ASIAN 261. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Lu Xun was arguably the most important writer in 20th-century China. We read all of his fictional writings and examine how they articulate issues and anxieties central to the Chinese experience of modernity. We also study Lu Xun's biography and select interpretations of his stories as secondary materials.

ASIAN 469 / HISTART 469. Modern Chinese Visual Culture
ASIAN 261. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the changing visual experiences and expressions in China from the early twentieth century to the present. A range of visual materials will be studied. We will also consider studies of and theories about visual culture from other contexts and why visual culture is fundamental to Chinese modernity.

ASIAN 480. Topics in Asian Studies
(3). May be elected four times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

Covers issues of relevance to Asia as a whole or to more than one of the geographical areas covered in the department.

ASIAN 484. Buddhist Tantra
ASIAN 230. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Upperlevel topics course on Buddhist Tantra.

ASIAN 494 / HISTART 495. Ocean of Stories: Telling Tales in the Indian Subcontinent
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course investigates painters' engagements with India's literatures. Beginning with storytelling in contemporary artworks, this course proceeds to examine the emergence, refinement, and dispersion of literary and pictorial conventions in cosmopolitan early India and their transformations in later periods when book arts interacted with vernacularization, performative traditions, and eventually print culture.

ASIAN 499. Independent Study-Directed Readings
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 8 credits. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

ASIAN 500. Seminar in Asian Studies
Graduate standing. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credits.

This course generally covers a common issue occurring in a multitude of Asian countries and cultures.

ASIAN 501 / ANTHRCUL 501 / CCS 501 / HISTORY 549 / POLSCI 501 / SOC 527. Social Scientific Studies of Historical and Contemporary China
Permission of instructor. (3). May be elected twice for credit.

The course will focus on current issues in social scientific studies of historical and contemporary China. Each class will discuss a different disciplinary approach to a common subject, emphasizing the different research designs and data available and comparing the results with similar studies in other countries.

ASIAN 502 / ANTHRCUL 502 / CCS 502 / HISTART 504 / HISTORY 548 / POLSCI 502. Humanistic Studies of Historical and Contemporary China
Permission of instructor. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will examine the present state of research in selected areas of scholarly inquiry in Chinese studies - language, literature, history, religion material culture, and art history - as we interrogate such seemingly commonsense notions as "civilization," "culture," "tradition," "modernity," and above all, "Chineseness." Our goals are to develop good reading skills, stimulate critical thinking, and inspire imaginative approaches to humanistic problems.

ASIAN 528. Comparative Topics in Buddhism
Graduate standing and permission of instructor. (3). May be elected three times for credit.

ASIAN 550. Seminar in Cultural and Comparative Studies of Asia
Graduate standing. (3). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is designed to introduce a set of theoretical topics that are relevant to the comparative and critical study of Asia. To that end, we have selected readings from important theoretical texts that can offer different strategies of understanding Asian culture. It is our hope that students will thereby gain a purchase in critical theory and the best ways of using it in the study of cultures across national and/or disciplinary boundaries.

ASIAN 551. Practicum in Asian Studies
ASIAN 550. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Students will apply knowledge of theoretical concepts to research problems by producing an original paper in Asian studies based on research in Asian languages. This seminar will help students sharpen their writing, research, and analytical skills by having them present their own projects and participate in workshops given by faculty.

ASIAN 554. Modern Japanese Literature
ASIANLAN 428. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits.

ASIAN 555. Classical Japanese Prose
ASIANLAN 434. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits.

ASIAN 570. Seminar in Southeast Asian Studies
Graduate standing. Qualified undergraduates with permission of instructor. Reading knowledge of a Southeast Asian language preferred. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

The goal of this course is to have graduate students attain a critical understanding of a set of topics in the field of Southeast Asian Studies. Readings focus on primary texts, influential monographs, and social theories that speak to how and why certain topics have come to be constituted.

ASIAN 580. Seminar in South Asian Studies
Graduate standing. Qualified undergraduates with permission of instructor. Reading knowledge of a South Asian language preferred. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

The goal of this course is to have graduate students attain a critical understanding of a set of topics in the field of South Asian Studies. Readings focus on primary texts, influential monographs, and social theories that speak to how and why certain topics have come to be constituted.

ASIAN 692 / HISTART 692. Buddhas and Bodies: Icons of the Ideal in Japanese Religious Art
HISTART 103 or 292. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the history of Japanese religions through the visual arts. Sculpture, painting and Architecture serve as the primary sources for our exploration of Buddhism, Kami, worship, and Christianity. Discussions engage in many social and religious issues, paying special attention to the tension between the ideal and the "real".

ASIAN 694 / HISTART 690. Topics in the Theory and Criticism of Chinese Art
(3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is designed to investigate the historical development of terminology and issues in Chinese art criticism and theory and to relate this developments to contemporaneous developments in the style and subject matter of visual art.

ASIAN 699. Directed Readings
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 6). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 15 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

ASIAN 798. MA Essay SSEA Studies
Consent of instructor required. Center MA Students; Graduate standing. (1 - 6). (INDEPENDENT). May not be repeated for credit.

ASIAN 990. Dissertation Research - Precandidate
Graduate standing and permission of instructor. Election for dissertation work by doctoral student not yet admitted as a Candidate. (1 - 8; 1 - 4 in the half-term). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected four times for credit. This course has a grading basis of "S" or "U".

ASIAN 995. Dissertation Research - Candidate
Graduate School authorization for admission as a doctoral Candidate. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (8; 4 in the half-term). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected four times for credit. This course has a grading basis of "S" or "U".

Asian Languages (ASIANLAN)
ASIANLAN 401. Fourth Year Chinese I
(ASIANLAN 302 or 303 or 304) or by Assignment of ASIANLAN 401 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4). May not be repeated for credit.

This is a standard fourth-year Chinese course with a balanced emphasis on language skills. Through various forms of language activities, students are expected to enhance their general language foundation, and in particular, to improve their productive skills, oral and written, at the discourse and rhetorical levels.

ASIANLAN 402. Fourth-Year Chinese II
ASIANLAN 401 or by Assignment of ASIANLAN 402 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4). May not be repeated for credit.

This is a standard fourth-year Chinese course with a balanced emphasis on language skills. The textbook will be supplemented by other materials. There will be no final exam. Assessment will be based on attendance, participation, homework, tests and exams.

ASIANLAN 405. Chinese for Professions I
ASIANLAN 302, 303, or 304; or by assignment of ASIANLAN 405 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course covers China's current economic situation and business environment to provide a comprehensive cultural background. Reading, writing and oral requirements are implemented through technology-supported activities of collecting, processing and presenting business information for various purposes and in various forms.

ASIANLAN 406. Chinese for the Professions II
ASIANLAN 405 or by Assignment of ASIANLAN 406 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ASIANLAN 302 or 303. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Conducted in Chinese.

This course focuses on practical language skills that are most helpful in actual business interactions with Chinese-speaking communities. Classroom activities, largely in the form of real world simulation, will be based on authentic documents and correspondence as well as a textbook.

ASIANLAN 407. Advanced Readings in Modern Chinese
ASIANLAN 302 or 303 or 304 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 407 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This advanced Chinese language course is designed for students who want to further develop their reading ability to serve academic or other career purposes. While it helps to improve command of structure and vocabulary in a range of language styles, its primary purpose is to enhance comprehension (both linguistic and cultural) in reading original texts of various topics and styles. Materials are selected from a variety of sources including contemporary fiction and essays.

ASIANLAN 408. Chinese Translation and Presentation
ASIANLAN 407 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 408 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit. Conducted in Chinese.

Like ASIANLAN 407 this advanced language course is intended for students who want to further improve their Chinese competence to serve academic or other career purposes. The focus of this course is translation and presentation skills needed by students' current studies and future endeavors.

ASIANLAN 409. Literary Chinese I
ASIANLAN 302 or 304. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Conducted in Chinese.

In this course the styles of written Chinese of imperial China from prose to poetry are selectively introduced.

ASIANLAN 411. Advanced Filipino I
ASIANLAN 212 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 411 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Various approaches will be used to improve students' proficiency in reading, writing, and speaking the Tagalog/Filipino language. Students will be assigned a composition on various topics to write each week.

ASIANLAN 412. Advanced Filipino I
ASIANLAN 411 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 412 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Various approaches will be used to improve students' proficiency in reading, writing, and speaking the Tagalog/Filipino language. Students will be assigned a composition on various topics to write each week.

ASIANLAN 417. Advanced Hindi I
ASIANLAN 216 or 217 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 417 by Placement. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

The course is intended to further students' skills in speaking and aural comprehension as well as increase their proficiency in reading and writing both Hindi.

ASIANLAN 418. Advanced Hindi II
ASIANLAN 417 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 418 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. W. Rackham credit requires additional work.

The course is intended to further students' skills in speaking and aural comprehension as well as increase their proficiency in reading and writing both Hindi.

ASIANLAN 419. Advanced Indonesian I
ASIANLAN 222 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 419 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

The course work is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Social-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use.

ASIANLAN 420. Advanced Indonesian II
ASIANLAN 419 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 420 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

The course work is designed to improve the student's command of basic grammatical structures as well as to build advanced vocabulary. Social-cultural orientation will increase the student's familiarity with the important socio-linguistic aspects of Indonesian language use.

ASIANLAN 423. Javanese I
Permission of instructor. (4). May not be repeated for credit.

This course, aimed primarily at students who already have proficiency in Indonesian, will teach student the language of the island of Java.

ASIANLAN 425. Media Japanese I
ASIANLAN 326 or 327. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ASIANLAN 326 with B- or above or pass a placement test. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Students will learn contemporary Japanese language as well as about culture and society through the media.

ASIANLAN 426. Media Japanese II
ASIANLAN 425. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Students will learn contemporary Japanese language as well as about culture and society through the media.

ASIANLAN 429. Japanese Through Business and Social Topics I
ASIANLAN 326 or 327. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ASIANLAN 326 with B- or above or pass a placement test. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course aims to further develop Japanese language competence through readings and discussions on business related topics. The main emphasis of the course is to advance student's reading, listening, and speaking skills and to increase vocabulary essential to discussions of business and social issues.

ASIANLAN 430. Japanese Through Business and Social Topics II
ASIANLAN 429. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course aims to further develop Japanese language competence through readings and discussions on business-related topics. The main emphasis of the course is to advance student's reading, listening, and speaking skills and to increase vocabulary essential to the discussion of business and social issues.

ASIANLAN 433. Classical Japanese I
ASIANLAN 226 or 227. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the classical written language, with emphasis upon grammar, syntax, and various classical written styles.

ASIANLAN 435. Readings in Modern Korean I
ASIANLAN 336 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 435 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit. Students with previous experience with Korean should contact the instructor for a placement into the course.

This is a reading course designed to introduce selected contemporary articles on various subjects in the Korean Studies field to students who have advanced knowledge of Korean language and culture and what to know the state-of-the-art of Korean Studies in contemporary Korea. The selected readings include major article in Korean History, literature, thought and religion.

ASIANLAN 436. Readings in Modern Korean II
ASIANLAN 435 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 436 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This is a reading course designed to introduce selected contemporary articles on various subjects in the Korean Studies field to students who have advanced knowledge of Korean language and culture and what to know the state-of-the-art of Korean Studies in contemporary Korea. The selected readings include major article in Korean History, literature, thought and religion.

ASIANLAN 437. Business Korean
ASIANLAN 336 (completed with a minimum grade of B- or better) or Placement Test assignment into ASIANLAN 437. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

The aim of the Business Korean is to improve students' Korean language skills to advanced/upper advanced level by studying and discussing reading materials related to Korean business. This class will be conducted mostly in Korean and students will learn about Korean business and economy.

ASIANLAN 439. Academic Japanese I
ASIANLAN 326 with A- or above or pass a placement test. Students must also have mastery of over 1500 kanji and a solid foundation in grammar and reading. (2). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course focuses on the development of competence in academic Japanese, especially proficiency in reading and writing, to enhance students? academic language ability for research using Japanese source materials or study at a Japanese university. Skills covered include rapid reading (skimming and scanning skills), intensive reading for comprehension, lecture comprehension, effective note-taking, participation in discussions and the appropriate organization of research projects and presentations.

ASIANLAN 440. Academic Japanese II
ASIANLAN 439 with A- or above. (2). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course focuses on the development of competence in academic Japanese, especially proficiency in reading and writing, to enhance student's academic language ability for research using Japanese source materials or study at a Japanese university. Skills covered include rapid reading (skimming and scanning skills), intensive reading for comprehension, lecture comprehension, effective note-taking, participation in discussions and the appropriate organization of research projects and presentations.

ASIANLAN 441. Practicum in Japanese Translation (Hon'yaku jisshu)
ASIANLAN 326 completed with a minimum grade of B+ or better. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ASIANLAN 326. For non-native speakers of Japanese: JLPT N2, Placement test, and/or knowledge of 800 kanji. For non-native speakers of English: TOEFL IBT 100 or above. (3). May be elected twice for credit.

This introductory course of translation is designed for students who have or will have some experience in Japanese translation but have never been formally trained. Students with advanced-level Japanese acquire the basic tools necessary to translate from the source to the target language.

ASIANLAN 445. Chinese Language Pedagogy
ASIANLAN 402 or 4th year proficiency. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This introduction to Chinese language pedagogy exposes prospective teachers to up-to-date pedagogical theories. It also enhances basic teaching skills needed to satisfactorily conduct instructions in different Chinese courses at different levels. The ultimate aim of this course is to educate and assist participants to be competitive job candidates and qualified teachers for Chinese teaching at college, K-12, and private language schools.

ASIANLAN 450. Japanese Pedagogy I
4th year proficiency in Japanese Language. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Students gain a foundation in Japanese pedagogy by learning the basics of teaching pronunciation, grammatical structure, and the three components of the Japanese writing system. They also learn how to give lectures and conduct drill sessions, and make lesson plans, teaching materials and tests. Emphasis is placed on techniques of ensuring students master the four key areas: speaking, listening, reading and writing.

ASIANLAN 454. Advanced Spoken Hindi I
ASIANLAN 418 (completed with a minimum grade of B or better); OR by placement Test assignment into ASIANLAN 454. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces the student to the advanced spoken form of language used in various spheres of public life. It aims to develop extensive and nuanced linguistic competence introducing various forms and expression of Hindi. Course materials include audio-video clippings from TV, films with newspaper articles, and Hindi blogs and magazines.

ASIANLAN 461. Advanced Thai I
ASIANLAN 262 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 461 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

In this course students will complete the move from material written specifically for foreign language-learners to "real" Thai, including such genres as newspaper articles, essays, and fiction.

ASIANLAN 462. Advanced Thai II
ASIANLAN 461 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 462 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

In this course students will complete the move from material written specifically for foreign language-learners to "real" Thai, including such genres as newspaper articles, essays, and fiction.

ASIANLAN 469. Advanced Classical Tibetan I
ASIANLAN 468 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 469 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit.

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the basic skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the students' primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages).

ASIANLAN 470. Advanced Classical Tibetan II
ASIANLAN 469 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 470 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit.

This course is designed to train students of Buddhist Studies in the basic skills necessary for reading Tibetan literature; it is not a class in spoken (colloquial) Tibetan. The plan of the course assumes that the students' primary interest is in the study of Buddhist literature (autochthonous as well as in translation from Indic languages).

ASIANLAN 471. Advanced Urdu I
ASIANLAN 272 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 471 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course is a continuation of ASIANLAN 272. Students will continue to learn to speak Urdu at an advanced level, as well as continue to learn to read and write the script.

ASIANLAN 472. Advanced Urdu II
ASIANLAN 471 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 472 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. W. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course is a continuation of ASIANLAN 471. Students will continue to learn to speak Urdu at an advanced level, as well as continue to learn to read and write the script.

ASIANLAN 475. Advanced Vietnamese I
ASIANLAN 276 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 475 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

A wide selection of materials, ranging from literary books to newspapers, folk stories and other economic and cultural articles, will provide the students opportunities to get acquainted with various socio-cultural aspects of Vietnam.

ASIANLAN 476. Advanced Vietnamese II
ASIANLAN 475 or by assignment of ASIANLAN 476 by Placement Test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

A wide selection of materials, ranging from literary books to newspapers, folk stories and other economic and cultural articles, will provide the students opportunities to get acquainted with various socio-cultural aspects of Vietnam.

ASIANLAN 499. Independent Language Study
Permission of Instructor. (1 - 5). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 8 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course will allow students to do additional academic work towards mastering an Asian language.

ASIANLAN 519 / AAPTIS 519. Introductory Central Asian Language
(4 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 119 or ASIANLAN 119. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at a basic level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

ASIANLAN 520 / AAPTIS 520. Introductory Central Asian Language II
AAPTIS 519 or ASIANLAN 519 with a grade of at least C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May not repeat the same language at the same level. Undergraduate students elect AAPTIS 120 or ASIANLAN 120; graduate students elect AAPTIS 520 or ASIANLAN 520.

This course develops student's ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an intermediate level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

ASIANLAN 549 / AAPTIS 549. Intermediate Central Asian Language I
(3 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. Credit granted for up to three elections through any combination of AAPTIS 249 or 549, or ASIANLAN 249 or 549. Students may not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops student's ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an intermediate level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

ASIANLAN 550 / AAPTIS 550. Intermediate Central Asian Language II
AAPTIS 549 or ASIANLAN 549 with a grade of at least C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops student's ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an intermediate level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

ASIANLAN 559 / AAPTIS 559. Advanced Central Asian Language I
AAPTIS 550 or ASIANLAN 550. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 4). May be elected three times for credit. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops student's ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an advanced level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

ASIANLAN 560 / AAPTIS 560. Advanced Central Asian Language II
AAPTIS 559 or ASIANLAN 559. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 4). May be elected three times for credit. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops student's ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an advanced level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

Chinese (CHIN)
CHIN 701. Master's Essay
Consent of instructor required. Permission of department. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May not be repeated for credit.

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