Undergraduate Course Catalog
Effective Term
Requirement or Grouping
Listings Per Page
Subject
  or   Department
Show Descriptions Show Course Guide Term Links For Past Two Years
Note: For descriptions of classes each term, see the LSA Course Guide
   Page 1 of 1, Results 1 - 150 of 150   
Courses in LSA Classical Studies

The Department of Classical Studies is concerned with every aspect of the worlds of the ancient Greeks and Romans – their languages and literatures, art and material cultures, philosophy, history, daily life, law and justice, political theory, and religion. The works and thoughts of the Greeks and Romans provide focus and historical perspective to questions which are heatedly debated in our time, making this field of study exciting and intellectually engaging. An ideal liberal arts education, Classical Studies is an excellent way to develop analytical abilities, to learn to make careful arguments and express them lucidly as well as come to a solid understanding of some of the greatest monuments of human thought and art.

Courses Taught in English

The department offers a number of Classical Archaeology and Classical Civilization courses which require no knowledge of Greek or Latin. Through lectures and reading in translation, these courses offer students an opportunity to acquire a general knowledge of Greek and Roman archaeology, literature, mythology, religion, sport and daily life, sexuality, law, philosophy, and institutions.

LSA Language Requirement

The LSA language requirement for the A.B./B.S. degree may be satisfied with the successful completion of: MODGREEK 202, both GREEK 301 and 302 (or equivalent); GREEK 307 and 308; GREEK 300 and any upper-level course; LATIN 232 or 295, or any course at the 300- or 400-level which has one of these courses as a prerequisite, or by satisfactory performance on a placement test. The Latin placement test is offered once at the beginning of each term, periodically during each term by arrangement, and throughout the Summer Orientation period. Students are placed into the department’s language sequences according to their demonstrated proficiency.

Intensive Language Courses

The department offers intensive language courses in Latin and Greek which compress the normal two-year sequence required for elementary language proficiency. Intensive courses are available for Latin and Greek, and are offered during Fall and Winter Terms, and during the Spring or Summer Half-Term. For information about intensive Latin and Greek, please contact the department.

Special Departmental Policies

The department requires that a student earn a grade of at least C– in all language courses which are prerequisite for subsequent elections. A student should repeat any language course in which a D+ or lower grade is earned and which serves as a prerequisite to other courses which are to be elected. A grade of D+ signifies some achievement but denotes too weak a foundation for subsequent courses.

Classical Archaeology (CLARCH)
Classical archaeology is the study of the material culture – the artifacts, sites, monuments, and landscapes – of the ancient Mediterranean world. While the civilizations of Greece and Rome tend to be our focus, other areas, notably Egypt and the Near East, also form part of what we study. Classical archeology deals with all periods from the Paleolithic through the Byzantine.

Courses in Classical Archaeology (CLARCH) generally do not require knowledge of Greek or Latin.

CLARCH 103. Great Discoveries in Archaeology
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces students to archaeology through the concept of the discovery. We first examine archaeological discoveries in Africa several million years ago and then travel around the world, ending in Michigan. Students learn the primary fields of archaeological research, and also re-evaluate their idea of a "great discovery".

CLARCH 104. Ancient Cities
(3 - 4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Get introduced to the whole span of ancient Mediterranean cities in this course. From the earliest urban centers in the East to the rise of Constantinople, the course covers cities like Troy, Mycenae, Athens, Rome and Pompeii, offering a broad comparative perspective on one of humankind's greatest accomplishments.

CLARCH 220 / HISTART 220. Great Buildings of Ancient Greece and Rome
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Architecture provides a unique perspective on classical civilization. Buildings such as the Parthenon and the Colosseum are marvels of both engineering and design, and they still have great expressive power. This course introduces students to key monuments of Greek and Roman architecture from prehistoric to early mediaeval times.

CLARCH 221 / HISTART 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. F.

The archaeology of Crete and Greece to the age of Alexander and the contributions made to the history of civilization through excavation.

CLARCH 222 / HISTART 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. W.

CLARCH 223 / CLCIV 223. Greeks and Barbarian
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

In the first millennium BCE, Greek adventurers, traders, colonists, and mercenaries traveled all over the ancient world, from Gibraltar to Afghanistan, from Egypt to the Black Sea. This course offers an archaeological perspective on the interactions between Greeks and non-Greeks and how those experiences helped shape both groups.

CLARCH 323. Introduction to Field Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course interprets 'field archaeology' in its widest sense. Lectures will discuss individual techniques (from excavation to computer analysis) and numerous issues (such as the problem with archaeology's 'Indiana Jones' reputation). Students will become aware of the importance of archaeology not only in creating our images of the past, but of the present as well.

CLARCH 327 / CLCIV 327 / NEAREAST 355 / RELIGION 326. Jews in the Roman Mediterranean: Archaeology, Religion, and Culture
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

An introductory survey course on the history of the Jews in the Roman and Byzantine worlds, from the arrival of the Romans in the East in the first century BCE through the Arab conquests in the seventh and eighth centuries CE.

CLARCH 350. Topics in Classical Archaeology
CLARCH 221, 222, or 323. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credits.

This course offers the opportunity to explore various topics in Classical Archaeology such as empire, gender, identity, landscape, memory, political architecture, religion, and urban structures, or to study particular sites or archaeological techniques.

CLARCH 375 / GREEKMOD 375. Archaeology & the Public: Archaeology & Heritage in a Globalized World
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Archaeology, ancient objects, and monuments have always fascinated people. Few academic disciplines can claim so many action heroes, movies, computer games...even casinos. What is it about archaeologists and the past that is so attractive? Why bother about the past at all? How do we practice archaeology and talk about the past in a fast-paced globalized world? This course explores the ways in which archaeology and the past reach the general public (e.g., Who is this "general public"? Where do archaeologists encounter the public? How do we communicate, if at all?).

CLARCH 380 / HISTART 380. Minoan and Mycenaean Archaeology
Consent of instructor required. Upperclass standing, CLARCH/HISTART 221 and 222, and permission of instructor. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

A systematic, thematically-organized survey of the archaeology and art of the Aegean world in the Bronze Age, from the rise of state-level societies (the Minoans of Crete and the Mycenaeans of mainland Greece), to their collapse in the Greek 'Dark Ages'.

CLARCH 382 / CLCIV 382. Food in the Ancient World: Subsistence and Symbol
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines patterns of food production and consumption in the ancient Mediterranean world in order to observe the organization and symbolic construction of communities through time. Manners of eating and drinking - or starving - in Greek, Hellenistic and Roman society will be focus for attention.

CLARCH 389 / CLCIV 379 / HISTART 389. Pompeii
(3 - 4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course uncovers the urban fabric of Pompeii (Italy) as revealed by more than two centuries of excavation. We look at how it was laid out, at public and private buildings and their decoration, and at its the wider cultural, geographical and historical contexts. Using archaeology and translated texts, we explore aspects of the lives of the inhabitants, including their economy; social interaction; politics; and, choices.

CLARCH 420 / HISTART 430. Greece before History: The Art and Archaeology of Greek Lands ca 3500 to 700 BCE
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course explores the origins, character and collapse of complex societies of the Late Bronze Age in the Aegean. Sources of evidence include architecture, artifacts, mortuary practices and the distribution of sites within the wider landscape. We also explore recent work on documentary sources, including the linear B (Mycenean) tablets.

CLARCH 424 / HISTART 424. Archaeology of the Roman Provinces
Upperclass standing, and CLARCH/HISTART 221 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 425. Hellenistic and Republican Roman Architecture
CLARCH 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course covers the architecture of first millennium BCE Italy. It provides a sense of how later Roman architecture came into being by retracing its origins from the Iron Age to the Etruscan period. Hellenistic Italian architecture is analyzed within its proper Mediterranean context.

CLARCH 426. Roman Imperial Architecture
CLARCH 222/HISTART 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course surveys the architecture of the Roman empire from the reign of Augustus at the turn of the millennium to the reign of Justinian in the mid-sixth century A.D. Special attention is paid to the urban development of Rome as an imperial capital, and to the Romanization of indigenous peoples through Western Europe and the Mediterranean world.

CLARCH 433 / HISTART 433. Greek Sculpture
Upperclass standing, some preparation in Classical Civilization, Classical Archaeology or History of Art. (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

History of Greek sculpture from the 8th century to the 4th century BCE. Treats free-standing statuary and relief and architectural sculpture in stone, bronze, terracotta, and gold and ivory. Examines evolving functions of Greek sculpture, and relationships between stylistic development and social and political change.

CLARCH 435 / HISTART 435. The Art and Archaeology of Asia Minor
Upperclass standing. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 439 / HISTART 439. Greek Vase Painting
Upperclass standing. (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 440 / HISTART 440. Cities and Sanctuaries of Classical Greece
Upperclass standing, and a course in archaeology. (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 481 / HISTART 481. Art of Ancient Iran
Upperclass standing and HISTART 101 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

CLARCH 482. Ceramic Analysis
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Pottery is one of the most common artifact types found during archaeological fieldwork. This course provides students with an array of practical and theoretical tools for working with ancient pottery, from analyzing fabrics and forming methods, to addressing the scale of production and broad-scale distribution patterns.

CLARCH 495. Senior Honors Research
Consent of instructor required. Upperclass standing. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is intended for Honors concentrators writing a thesis in Classical Archaeology.

CLARCH 496. Practicum in Museum Studies
Junior or seniors, or permission of instructor. (1 - 3). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This practicum, intended primarily but not exclusively for Honors concentrators in Classical Archaeology, will allow students to acquire technical and research skills in the field of museum studies.

CLARCH 497. Practicum in Field Archaeology
Junior or seniors. (1 - 3). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This practicum, intended primarily but not exclusively for Honors concentrators in Classical Archaeology, will allow students to acquire technical and research skills in the practice of field archaeology.

CLARCH 499. Supervised Reading
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. F, W, Sp, Su.

CLARCH 534 / HISTART 534. Ancient Painting
Upperclass standing, HISTART 101 and either HISTART/CLARCH 221 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

CLARCH 536 / HISTART 536. Hellenistic and Roman Sculpture
HISTART 101; one of CLARCH 221 or 222 or HISTART 221 or 222; and Upperclass standing. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Classical Civilization (CLCIV)
Classical Civilization is an exploration of the life and culture of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Students examine almost every aspect of ancient life – art, architecture, social/political problems and events, and the literature of these cultures. Knowledge of Greek or Latin is not required for this program, but highly recommended.
CLCIV 101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English)
(4). (FYWR). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GTBOOKS 191 or 201. F.

An introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from the beginning through the Hellenistic age. Through the reading of literature that ranges from comedy to philosophy, we confront the contradictions of this complex society. There are approximately 75-100 pages of reading per week, two short projects, a midterm and a final examination. No previous knowledge is required.

CLCIV 102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English)
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. W.

An introduction to the civilization of ancient Rome from the beginnings through the beginnings of Christianity. Requires no knowledge of Greek or Latin.

CLCIV 120. First-year Seminar in Classical Civilization (Humanities)
Enrollment restricted to first-year students, including those with sophomore standing. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course introduces students in a small group seminar to a variety of topics in Classical Civilizations. Course content will vary each term.

CLCIV 121. First-year Seminar in Classical Civilization (Composition)
Enrollment restricted to first-year students, including those with sophomore standing. (4). (FYWR). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 125. Mini Course in Classical Civilization
(1). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

Special topics in Classical Civilization offered in a mini course format.

CLCIV 126. From Humanitas to Humanities
(1). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

We examine the historical roots of the deceptively familiar word "humanities" by reading Terence's Self-Tormentor, Cicero's speech in defense of the poet Archias, followed by medieval and Renaissance writings that reveal both the shaping of the educational concept behind the Latin word humanitas and the role of the humanities throughout the ages.

CLCIV 157 / PHIL 157. Introduction to Ancient Philosophy
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Many of the central questions in Western philosophy were first formulated by thinkers in ancient Greece and Rome. This course provides an introduction to those questions and a wide range of answers, as well as to the methods ancient philosophers used to address them. We will read key ancient texts, including some by the early Greek thinkers, such as Democritus; several dialogues of Plato; selected passages from Aristotle's ethics, psychology, and natural science; and works by Epicureans and Stoics, whose schools of thought were influential in the Hellenistic and Imperial periods.

CLCIV 217. Minicourse on the Origins of Medical Terminology
(1). May not be repeated for credit.

This minicourse introduces students interested in the health-care professions to the origins of modern medical terminology from ancient Greek and Latin. The minicourse is designed to boost vocabulary acquisition and facilitate student access to current scientific, literary, and cultural discourse on the medical sciences.

CLCIV 220. Music in the Ancient World
CLCIV 101 or CLCIV 102. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

In this class we will introduce the various aspects of music in the ancient world, from theory to practice. Focus will be on the primary sources (textual and visual) and their modern interpretation. We will also listen to modern reconstruction's of actual ancient musical pieces.

CLCIV 223 / CLARCH 223. Greeks and Barbarian
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

In the first millennium BCE, Greek adventurers, traders, colonists, and mercenaries traveled all over the ancient world, from Gibraltar to Afghanistan, from Egypt to the Black Sea. This course offers an archaeological perspective on the interactions between Greeks and non-Greeks and how those experiences helped shape both groups.

CLCIV 253. The Mediterranean: Classical Studies
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This interdisciplinary course studies the Mediterranean Sea as a geographical space and contact zone, and as a field of study, from the late antique to modern period. It incorporates visual and material culture, as well as historical and literary sources from the Mediterranean basin. This course is part of the cross-disciplinary team-taught course "The Mediterranean."

CLCIV 257 / HISTORY 257 / JUDAIC 257. Ancient Law
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is an historical and comparative introduction to the study of law, thus exposing students to a variety of ancient and medieval legal cultures across the globe. Besides grappling with the basic question of what law actually is, we investigate how law was made and justified, how laws were involved in governing and regulating human relations and transactions, and shifting notions of justice. We examine a range of famous and lesser-known legal sources and materials (codes, narratives, documents, trial records, cases, rituals, performances and ceremonies) as well as literature drawn from history, anthropology, and political theory.

CLCIV 277 / ENVIRON 277 / HISTORY 277. Environmental History of the Ancient Mediterranean
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course concerns the ecology and environmental history of the Mediterranean during the Greek and Roman Periods. Students will be introduced to the discipline of environmental history through case studies drawn from various regions within the broader Mediterranean basin. Attention will also be given to perceptions of the natural world in ancient literature.

CLCIV 302 / HISTORY 302. The Roman Republic
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course surveys the political and social history of the Roman Republic from the archaic period to the death of Julius Caesar in 44 BCE.

CLCIV 303 / HISTORY 303 / WOMENSTD 303. Roman Women
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will cover the period roughly 400 BCE-400 CE, a time frame that will include the founding of the Republic, the rise of the Roman Empire, and the growth of Christianity from a fringe religion to the state religion. We will look particularly at women's family roles, legal status, political involvement, and sexuality. Although Roman history had no women's movement in the traditional sense, women's lives changed a great deal during these 800 years. One of the biggest changes was from a society that valued women's fertility and role as mother to one that valued their life-long virginity.

CLCIV 327 / CLARCH 327 / NEAREAST 355 / RELIGION 326. Jews in the Roman Mediterranean: Archaeology, Religion, and Culture
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

An introductory survey course on the history of the Jews in the Roman and Byzantine worlds, from the arrival of the Romans in the East in the first century BCE through the Arab conquests in the seventh and eighth centuries CE.

CLCIV 328. Ancient Languages and Scripts
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

A general introduction to the study of ancient languages and the origin and development of their scripts and literatures. Topics examined include decipherment, ascertaining ancient pronunciation, linguistic prehistory and change, and the history and study of Greek and Latin.

CLCIV 339 / ASIAN 365 / HISTORY 339. Doctors in the Ancient World: China, Greece, and Rome
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course compares medicine in ancient China (particularly acupuncture) with medicine found in ancient Greece and Rome. We look at physicians in China, such as Chinese Chunyu Yi, and in Greece and Rome, such as Hippocrates and Galen. The course explores the following questions: How was medicine defined in the ancient world? To what extent was its practice similar or different from modern professional forms? Was medicine a craft or a science? Did ancient physicians dissect? What relationship existed between medicine and religion or magic? How do we explain differences between the Western and Chinese medical traditions?

CLCIV 342. Sexuality and Sexual Stereotype in Greek and Roman Culture
(3 - 4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The main aim of this course will be to consider how sexuality is constructed in the literature of the Greeks and the Romans. Subjects addressed will include sexual stereotype and role-reversal; the power relations of gender; homosexuality and heterosexuality; virginity and prostitution; sexuality and violence.

CLCIV 345. Slavery and Ethnicity in the Ancient World
Junior standing; general familiarity with American history. (3). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

Slavery was widespread in ancient Greece and Rome and was crucial to the social, economic and cultural flourishing of these societies. Nevertheless, the ugly reality of ancient slavery is seldom confronted directly in studies of the ancient world. This course aims to redress this imbalance by offering a detailed examination of the role of slavery in Greek and Roman society.

CLCIV 350. Topics in Classical Civilization
CLCIV 101 and 102. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course offers the opportunity to explore aspects of Classical Civilization such as war, slavery, law, festivals, government, drama, and other genres of ancient literature.

CLCIV 371. Sport in the Ancient Greek World
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

In creating the modern Olympic games, Baron Pierre de Coubertin claimed that he was recreating the games that had been held in Greece for a thousand years in antiquity. His fanciful recreation of the games (aided by some fanciful contemporary scholarship) has shaped contemporary views on sport in profound ways. In Classical Civilization 371 we will be examining the myths associated with Greek Sport and the realities as they emerged for our sources to create a more accurate dialogue between ancient and modern sport and exploring the ways games were held, the role of the games in creating community, ideas of professionalism and the conjunction of sports with education in both antiquity and the twentieth century.

CLCIV 372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Covers all aspects of daily life, recreation and sports in Rome and Italy including bathing, gladiators, charioteers, and the City of Rome.

CLCIV 375. War in Greek and Roman Civilization
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

An examination of the connection between the evolution of war and classical civilizations from the emergence of the Greek state to the late Roman Empire (c. 600 BC to 400 AD).

CLCIV 379 / CLARCH 389 / HISTART 389. Pompeii
(3 - 4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course uncovers the urban fabric of Pompeii (Italy) as revealed by more than two centuries of excavation. We look at how it was laid out, at public and private buildings and their decoration, and at its the wider cultural, geographical and historical contexts. Using archaeology and translated texts, we explore aspects of the lives of the inhabitants, including their economy; social interaction; politics; and, choices.

CLCIV 380 / HISTORY 381 / JUDAIC 380 / RELIGION 382. Ancient Jewish History to 638 CE: From Israelite Origins to Islamic Conquest
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted for students who have taken both ACABS 322 and ACABS 326.

This is an introduction to Jewish history and culture as it emerged in the sixth century B.C.E. until the Persian and Islamic conquests in the seventh century. We will try to understand how the "varieties of Judaism" emerged from the religion and culture of Israelite origins in the context of Near Eastern and Mediterranean imperial and cultural history.

CLCIV 381 / RELIGION 381. Magic and Witchcraft
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course explores magic and witchcraft as a cultural phenomenon. We will examine magic and witchcraft from several cross-cultural perspectives, then trace the development of magic and witchcraft and the witch stereotype in history, literature, and art from classical antiquity, through the middle ages, to the early modern period in Europe and America.

CLCIV 382 / CLARCH 382. Food in the Ancient World: Subsistence and Symbol
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines patterns of food production and consumption in the ancient Mediterranean world in order to observe the organization and symbolic construction of communities through time. Manners of eating and drinking - or starving - in Greek, Hellenistic and Roman society will be focus for attention.

CLCIV 385. Greek Mythology
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The myths are studied systematically both as the background of Greek religious and literary forms and with reference to their influence on modern literature.

CLCIV 388 / PHIL 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient
One philosophy course with a grade of at least a C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) Knowledge of Greek or Latin is not required. (4; 2 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Western philosophy from its historical beginning through the Hellenistic period and including the pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Stoicism, and Scepticism.

CLCIV 392. Ancient Medicine in Greece & Rome
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course thematically examines the historical reception of the theories and practices of Greco-Roman physicians. By examining ancient Greek medicine in light of the modern fields of pathology, surgery, pharmacology, therapy, obstetrics, psychology, anatomy, medical science, ethics, and education, the student will gain not only a better understanding of the foundations of Western medicine but also an appreciation for how medical terms, theories, and practices take on different meanings with changes in science and society.

CLCIV 393. Plato's Dialogues in English
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

In this course we will read twelve of Plato's dialogues and will explore issues in Plato's ethics, psychology, epistemology, politics, and metaphysics. We will discuss methods of interpreting Plato's works as well as the implications of his critique of writing for understanding the dialogues. Finally, we will try to glimpse the meaning of Plato's philosophy in the light of history, taking into account the ancient setting of 4th century Athens and the 25 centuries of reading Plato that have passed since then.

CLCIV 403 / POLSCI 403. Greek Political Thought
POLSCI 101 or 302. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 456. Egypt after the Pharaohs: Public and Private Life in an Ancient Multicultural Society
CLCIV 101, or HISTORY 200 or 201, or an introductory class in Egyptian archaeology or history; or CLCIV 102, or CLARCH 221 or 222, or HISTART 221 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will study a major ancient culture under Greek and Roman rule. We will begin with a historical and geographic overview; proceed with diachronic case studies on themes such as daily life, ethnicity, gender, religion, army, administration, and social mobility; and conclude with its influence on modern popular culture.

CLCIV 464. The Ancient Epic
(3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 466 / RELIGION 468. Greek Religion
(3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 469. Ancient Literary Criticism
Junior standing. (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 476 / HISTORY 405 / RELIGION 476. Pagans and Christians in the Roman World
(4; 3 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

The course, will trace the formation of Christian ideas and modes of conduct in the Roman empire, examine religion both as a form of cultural and political expression and as a method of establishing a variety of contacts with a supernatural world. We thus begin with an analysis of what, was meant by culture and politics, while also looking at different ways of constructing a supernatural world.

CLCIV 479. Socratic Tradition of Conscientious Objection
Consent of instructor required. Junior or Senior standing. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

In this course we study the Socratic tradition of conscientious objection, looking at the prison writings of prisoners of conscience. We start with Plato and the ancient tradition of speaking truth to power, move into the Roman Empire, studying martyr letters and Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy. We study modern works such as Solzhenitsyn's Gulag Archipelago, Mandela's Conversations With Myself, and writers from the American Civil Rights Movement, King and Angela Davis.

CLCIV 480. Studying Antiquity
Open only to majors in Classical Civilization, Classical Archaeology, Classical Language and Literature, Ancient Greek, Latin, and Modern Greek. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course for majors in our department is an in depth discussion of selected topics in antiquity. Students write research papers and further their knowledge of research methods in the various disciplines of Classical Studies.

CLCIV 483 / NEAREAST 437 / RELIGION 488. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilizations
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This seminar course covers a number of topics exploring the relationship between Christianity as a religious tradition in antiquity and the cultural and social traditions of the ancient Mediterranean.

CLCIV 495. Senior Honors Research
Consent of instructor required. Upperclass standing. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is intended for Honors concentrators writing a thesis in Classical Civilization.

CLCIV 499. Supervised Reading
Permission of Instructor. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

Undergraduate supervised reading in Classical Civilization.

Greek (GREEK)
The skills taught in Latin and Greek are useful in many ways. The critical thinking and analytical skills (gleaned from a thorough knowledge of Latin and Greek) will benefit you in any class you take at the university. Students interested in subjects in the sciences and engineering will find the development of these skills invaluable. All students can benefit from improved English skills, particularly those students interested in Communications, Journalism, Law, and all the Humanities. Many students find Latin and Greek so helpful and fascinating that they choose these languages as a concentration or academic minor. Learning Latin and Greek is no more difficult than learning Spanish or French. We teach time-saving language learning strategies and skills in a highly structure format. Because these are ancient languages, we focus primarily only on reading texts. Our department provides free “drop-in” tutoring available to all students in the Elementary Latin and Greek courses.
GREEK 101. Elementary Greek
(4). May not be repeated for credit. Graduate students should elect GREEK 502. F.

GREEK 102. Elementary Greek
GREEK 101. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GREEK 103 or 503. Graduate students should elect GREEK 503. W.

GREEK 103. Intensive Elementary Greek I
(6). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GREEK 101 or 102, or any subsequent GREEK class. Graduate students should elect as GREEK 504.

This course provides students with a reading knowledge of Attic Greek by teaching them the essential morphological and syntactical structures of Attic Greek, and introducing them to reading extended short passages. This course covers in one semester the equivalent of 2 semesters in a non-intensive course.

GREEK 301. Second-Year Greek
GREEK 102 or 103. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GREEK 507. The language requirement is satisfied with successful completion of both GREEK 301 AND 302. Graduate students should elect GREEK 507. F.

Selections from Attic Prose.

GREEK 302. Second-Year Greek
GREEK 102 or 103. (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GREEK 508. Graduate students should elect as GREEK 508. The language requirement is satisfied with successful completion of both GREEK 301 AND 302. W.

The course is the second half of the second-year ancient Greek language sequence. The primary goal of the student in Greek 302 is to learn how to read Homer; hence emphasis is placed on Homeric vocabulary and grammar. The class will translate and discuss passages from the Odyssey.

GREEK 307 / NESLANG 307. The Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark and Luke
GREEK 101 and 102; and permission of instructor. (4). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Greek. The language requirement is satisfied with successful completion of both GREEK 307 AND 308.

Careful attention will be paid to the morphology and syntax of Koine Greek, particularly as the morphology and syntax contrasts with Attic Greek. The three Gospels will be read in their entirety, with close attention paid to stylistic differences in the accounts.

GREEK 401. Readings in Classical Greek Prose
GREEK 302. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits.

GREEK 402. Greek Drama
GREEK 302. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits. W.

GREEK 410. Elementary Greek Prose
GREEK 302. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Designed to give practice in writing correct Attic Greek idiom. This course includes weekly compositions along with grammatical and stylistic exercises, not only in Greek prose but also epigrams.

GREEK 462. Plato: Republic
GREEK 401. (3). May be elected twice for credit.

This course introduces students to the Greek Text of one of the early philosophical works central to Western civilization. A selection of readings from Plato's 10-book work focuses on ethics, government, civic ideals and the place of the arts in Plato's ideal city.

GREEK 463. Plato: Dialogues
GREEK 401. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Selections from Plato's dialogue frame discussion of the development of Greek philosophy, and of the place of the philosopher in the city-state. Particular attention is paid to Greek conceptualization of abstract ideals, and the socio-cultural terms in which these are debated.

GREEK 466. Polybius
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Selections from the Hellenistic historian Polybius, brought to Rome as a prisoner to war and a major source for following the rise of Rome as an international political power in the eastern Mediterranean. The course also considers Polybius' place in the Greek historiographical tradition.

GREEK 470. Topics in Greek Literature
Consent of department required. (3). May be elected twice for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course explores a topic in ancient culture through extensive reading of primary texts in the original language. Students will read, translate and discuss a variety of texts relevant to the topics.

GREEK 473 / NESLANG 470. Advanced Koine
Two years of Greek, one term of New Testament Greek (300 level or equivalent). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Interpretation of selected New Testament texts with attention to philological, historical, and theological problems. This course also provides an introduction to questions of the textual transmission of New Testament writings.

GREEK 495. Senior Honors Research
Consent of instructor required. Upperclass standing. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is intended for Honors concentrators writing a thesis in Ancient Greek.

GREEK 499. Supervised Reading
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit. May not be included in a concentration plan in Greek Language and Literature or Classical Languages and Literatures. Continuing Course. Y grade can be reported at end of the first-term to indicate work in progress. At the end of the second term, the final grade is posted for both term's elections. F, W, Sp, Su.

GREEK 506. Advanced Greek Composition
GREEK 410. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

GREEK 556. Greek Philosophical Literature I
Graduate standing in Classical Studies or permission of instructor. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Modern Greek (GREEKMOD)
GREEKMOD 101. Elementary Modern Greek
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed GREEKMOD 500 or 501.

An introduction to the readings, writing, and speaking skills of modern demotic Greek, approached through oral-aural training and systematic study of grammar.

GREEKMOD 102. Elementary Modern Greek, II
GREEKMOD 101. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed GREEKMOD 500 or 502.

The second park of an introduction to the readings, writing, and speaking skills of modern demonic Greek, approached through oral-aural training and systematic study of grammar.

GREEKMOD 105. Elementary Modern Greek Conversation
GREEKMOD 101. (1). May be elected twice for credit. Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

The objective of this course is to help students articulate everyday needs in Greek. The course is designed for students who have studied at least one term of Modern Greek. In this course, they will develop elementary Greek conversation skills that serve a variety of situations.

GREEKMOD 201. Second Year Modern Greek I
GREEKMOD 102. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed GREEKMOD 503.

This course is designed to improve the speaking, reading, and writing, as well as listening skills of the students. The course begins with a thorough review of materials taught in the first year and continues with the completion of grammar and syntax and the introduction of new vocabulary, Emphasis is placed on linguistic accuracy in speaking and writing. Besides the familiar drills, homework includes a greater amount of creative writing. Journalistic prose, short stories, literary excerpts, as well as films and television materials are included in the course.

GREEKMOD 202. Second Year Modern Greek, II
GREEKMOD 201. (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed GREEKMOD 504.

This course is designed to improve students' speaking, reading, writing, and listening skills. It begins with a thorough review of materials taught in the first year and continues with the completion of grammar and syntax and the introduction of new vocabulary. Emphasis is placed on linguistic accuracy in speaking and writing. In addition to the familiar drills, homework includes more creative writing in the form of journalistic prose, short stories, literary excerpts, films, and television materials.

GREEKMOD 205. Intermediate Modern Greek Conversation, I
GREEKMOD 201. (1). May be elected twice for credit. Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

This course aims to give students confidence in their ability to handle