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Courses in LSA Classical Studies

The Department of Classical Studies is concerned with every aspect of the worlds of the ancient Greeks and Romans – their languages and literatures, art and material cultures, philosophy, history, daily life, law and justice, political theory, and religion. The works and thoughts of the Greeks and Romans provide focus and historical perspective to questions which are heatedly debated in our time, making this field of study exciting and intellectually engaging. An ideal liberal arts education, Classical Studies is an excellent way to develop analytical abilities, to learn to make careful arguments and express them lucidly as well as come to a solid understanding of some of the greatest monuments of human thought and art.

Courses Taught in English

The department offers a number of Classical Archaeology and Classical Civilization courses which require no knowledge of Greek or Latin. Through lectures and reading in translation, these courses offer students an opportunity to acquire a general knowledge of Greek and Roman archaeology, literature, mythology, religion, sport and daily life, sexuality, law, philosophy, and institutions.

LSA Language Requirement

The LSA language requirement for the A.B./B.S. degree may be satisfied with the successful completion of: MODGREEK 202, both GREEK 301 and 302 (or equivalent); GREEK 307 and 308; GREEK 300 and any upper-level course; LATIN 232 or 295, or any course at the 300- or 400-level which has one of these courses as a prerequisite, or by satisfactory performance on a placement test. The Latin placement test is offered once at the beginning of each term, periodically during each term by arrangement, and throughout the Summer Orientation period. Students are placed into the department’s language sequences according to their demonstrated proficiency.

Intensive Language Courses

The department offers intensive language courses in Latin and Greek which compress the normal two-year sequence required for elementary language proficiency. Intensive courses are available for Latin and Greek, and are offered during Fall and Winter Terms, and during the Spring or Summer Half-Term. For information about intensive Latin and Greek, please contact the department.

Special Departmental Policies

The department requires that a student earn a grade of at least C– in all language courses which are prerequisite for subsequent elections. A student should repeat any language course in which a D+ or lower grade is earned and which serves as a prerequisite to other courses which are to be elected. A grade of D+ signifies some achievement but denotes too weak a foundation for subsequent courses.

Classical Archaeology (CLARCH)
Classical archaeology is the study of the material culture – the artifacts, sites, monuments, and landscapes – of the ancient Mediterranean world. While the civilizations of Greece and Rome tend to be our focus, other areas, notably Egypt and the Near East, also form part of what we study. Classical archeology deals with all periods from the Paleolithic through the Byzantine.

Courses in Classical Archaeology (CLARCH) generally do not require knowledge of Greek or Latin.

CLARCH 220 / HISTART 220. Great Buildings of Ancient Greece and Rome
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Architecture provides a unique perspective on classical civilization. Buildings such as the Parthenon and the Colosseum are marvels of both engineering and design, and they still have great expressive power. This course introduces students to key monuments of Greek and Roman architecture from prehistoric to early mediaeval times.

CLARCH 221 / HISTART 221. Introduction to Greek Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. F.

The archaeology of Crete and Greece to the age of Alexander and the contributions made to the history of civilization through excavation.

CLARCH 222 / HISTART 222. Introduction to Roman Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. W.

CLARCH 223 / CLCIV 223. Greeks and Barbarian
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

In the first millennium BCE, Greek adventurers, traders, colonists, and mercenaries traveled all over the ancient world, from Gibraltar to Afghanistan, from Egypt to the Black Sea. This course offers an archaeological perspective on the interactions between Greeks and non-Greeks and how those experiences helped shape both groups.

CLARCH 323. Introduction to Field Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course interprets 'field archaeology' in its widest sense. Lectures will discuss individual techniques (from excavation to computer analysis) and numerous issues (such as the problem with archaeology's 'Indiana Jones' reputation). Students will become aware of the importance of archaeology not only in creating our images of the past, but of the present as well.

CLARCH 350. Topics in Classical Archaeology
CLARCH 221, 222, or 323. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credits.

This course offers the opportunity to explore various topics in Classical Archaeology such as empire, gender, identity, landscape, memory, political architecture, religion, and urban structures, or to study particular sites or archaeological techniques.

CLARCH 375. Archaeology & the Public: Archaeology & Heritage in a Globalized World
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Archaeology, ancient objects, and monuments have always fascinated people. Few academic disciplines can claim so many action heroes, movies, computer games...even casinos. What is it about archaeologists and the past that is so attractive? Why bother about the past at all? How do we practice archaeology and talk about the past in a fast-paced globalized world? This course explores the ways in which archaeology and the past reach the general public (e.g., Who is this "general public"? Where do archaeologists encounter the public? How do we communicate, if at all?).

CLARCH 382 / CLCIV 382. Food in the Ancient World: Subsistence and Symbol
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines patterns of food production and consumption in the ancient Mediterranean world in order to observe the organization and symbolic construction of communities through time. Manners of eating and drinking - or starving - in Greek, Hellenistic and Roman society will be focus for attention.

CLARCH 389 / HISTART 389. Pompeii
CLARCH 222/HISTART 222. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course uncovers the urban fabric of Pompeii: how it was laid out, public and private buildings and their decoration, and the wider cultural, geographical and historical contexts. Using physical remains alongside texts in translation, we explore different aspects of the lives of the inhabitants, together with the enduring power of the city to dominate our modern view of the Roman world.

CLARCH 420 / HISTART 430. Greece before History: The Art and Archaeology of Greek Lands ca 3500 to 700 BCE
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course explores the origins, character and collapse of complex societies of the Late Bronze Age in the Aegean. Sources of evidence include architecture, artifacts, mortuary practices and the distribution of sites within the wider landscape. We also explore recent work on documentary sources, including the linear B (Mycenean) tablets.

CLARCH 422 / HISTART 422. Etruscan Art and Archaeology
Upperclass standing, and HISTART 221 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

A survey of the architecture, sculpture and painting of the Etruscans with special reference to Greek (and other) influences and the Etruscan impact on Rome.

CLARCH 424 / HISTART 424. Archaeology of the Roman Provinces
Upperclass standing, and CLARCH/HISTART 221 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 425. Hellenistic and Republican Roman Architecture
CLARCH 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course covers the architecture of first millennium BCE Italy. It provides a sense of how later Roman architecture came into being by retracing its origins from the Iron Age to the Etruscan period. Hellenistic Italian architecture is analyzed within its proper Mediterranean context.

CLARCH 426. Roman Imperial Architecture
CLARCH 222/HISTART 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course surveys the architecture of the Roman empire from the reign of Augustus at the turn of the millennium to the reign of Justinian in the mid-sixth century A.D. Special attention is paid to the urban development of Rome as an imperial capital, and to the Romanization of indigenous peoples through Western Europe and the Mediterranean world.

CLARCH 433 / HISTART 433. Greek Sculpture
Upperclass standing, some preparation in Classical Civilization, Classical Archaeology or History of Art. (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

History of Greek sculpture from the 8th century to the 4th century BCE. Treats free-standing statuary and relief and architectural sculpture in stone, bronze, terracotta, and gold and ivory. Examines evolving functions of Greek sculpture, and relationships between stylistic development and social and political change.

CLARCH 435 / HISTART 435. The Art and Archaeology of Asia Minor
Upperclass standing. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 439 / HISTART 439. Greek Vase Painting
Upperclass standing. (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 440 / HISTART 440. Cities and Sanctuaries of Classical Greece
Upperclass standing, and a course in archaeology. (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLARCH 443 / HISTART 443. The Art and Archaeology of Greek Colonization
Upperclass standing and CLARCH/HISTART 221. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The 8th and 7th centuries saw Greeks migrating from their home cities and countrysides to new settlements in many corners of the Mediterranean world. The course explores the art and archaeology of their colonization. They went South to Egypt and Libya, North to unoccupied tracts of Thrace, yet further North to explore the coasts of the Black Sea and its hinterland, and as far West as France and Spain. The most thoroughgoing of these new settlements were perhaps in Sicily and South Italy where new Greek cities came to rival the cities of their motherland in size, power, splendor and wealth.

CLARCH 480. Plants in Archaeology
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

The course provides a background for the analysis and interpretation of archaeobotanical data aimed at preparing students for the critical assessment of published archaeobotanical reports. Different macro and micro remains are introduced, with particular attention to carpological data. The lab portion of the course focuses on the practical hands-on aspects of sorting, identifying, and quantifying archaeobotanical macro-remains, with an emphasis on charred seeds. Identification training will focus primarily on the identification of major Old World crop seeds.

CLARCH 481 / HISTART 481. Art of Ancient Iran
Upperclass standing and HISTART 101 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

CLARCH 494 / CLCIV 494 / GREEK 494 / LATIN 494 / MODGREEK 494. Classical Studies Honors Seminar
Honors concentrators in Classical Studies. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) Minimum 3.4 GPA. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This research seminar is designed to help Senior Honors students concentrating in Classical Archaeology, Classical Civilizations, Classical Languages, and Modern Greek prepare for writing their Senior Honors Theses. Topics include: critical inquiry; original research; interpretation of texts; and presentation and organization of argument and ideas.

CLARCH 495. Senior Honors Research
Consent of instructor required. Upperclass standing. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is intended for Honors concentrators writing a thesis in Classical Archaeology.

CLARCH 496. Practicum in Museum Studies
Junior or seniors, or permission of instructor. (1 - 3). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This practicum, intended primarily but not exclusively for Honors concentrators in Classical Archaeology, will allow students to acquire technical and research skills in the field of museum studies.

CLARCH 497. Practicum in Field Archaeology
Junior or seniors. (1 - 3). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This practicum, intended primarily but not exclusively for Honors concentrators in Classical Archaeology, will allow students to acquire technical and research skills in the practice of field archaeology.

CLARCH 499. Supervised Reading
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. F, W, Sp, Su.

CLARCH 534 / HISTART 534. Ancient Painting
Upperclass standing, HISTART 101 and either HISTART/CLARCH 221 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

CLARCH 536 / HISTART 536. Hellenistic and Roman Sculpture
HISTART 101; one of CLARCH 221 or 222 or HISTART 221 or 222; and Upperclass standing. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Classical Civilization (CLCIV)
Classical Civilization is an exploration of the life and culture of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Students examine almost every aspect of ancient life – art, architecture, social/political problems and events, and the literature of these cultures. Knowledge of Greek or Latin is not required for this program, but highly recommended.
CLCIV 101. Classical Civilization I: The Ancient Greek World (in English)
Freshman or Sophomore or permission of instructor. (4). (FYWR). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in GTBOOKS 191 or 201. F.

An introduction to the civilization of ancient Greece from the beginning through the Hellenistic age. Through the reading of literature that ranges from comedy to philosophy, we confront the contradictions of this complex society. There are approximately 75-100 pages of reading per week, two short projects, a midterm and a final examination. No previous knowledge is required.

CLCIV 102. Classical Civilization II: The Ancient Roman World (in English)
Freshman or Sophomore or permission of instructor. (4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. W.

An introduction to the civilization of ancient Rome from the beginnings through the beginnings of Christianity. Requires no knowledge of Greek or Latin.

CLCIV 120. First-year Seminar in Classical Civilization (Humanities)
Enrollment restricted to first-year students, including those with sophomore standing. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course introduces students in a small group seminar to a variety of topics in Classical Civilizations. Course content will vary each term.

CLCIV 121. First-year Seminar in Classical Civilization (Composition)
Enrollment restricted to first-year students, including those with sophomore standing. (4). (FYWR). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 125. Mini Course in Classical Civilization
(1). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term. Offered mandatory credit/no credit.

Special topics in Classical Civilization offered in a mini course format.

CLCIV 126. From Humanitas to Humanities
(1). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

We examine the historical roots of the deceptively familiar word "humanities" by reading Terence's Self-Tormentor, Cicero's speech in defense of the poet Archias, followed by medieval and Renaissance writings that reveal both the shaping of the educational concept behind the Latin word humanitas and the role of the humanities throughout the ages.

CLCIV 215. Ovid
(1). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

We will read and discuss in class Ovid's Metamorphoses and Amores in modern translations, with selections from Ovid's other works. We will also look at Golding's Metamorphoses (the translation Shakespeare used) and Marlowe's Amores, as well as the recent volume of translations and imitations.

CLCIV 217. Minicourse on the Origins of Medical Terminology
(1). May not be repeated for credit.

This minicourse introduces students interested in the health-care professions to the origins of modern medical terminology from ancient Greek and Latin. The minicourse is designed to boost vocabulary acquisition and facilitate student access to current scientific, literary, and cultural discourse on the medical sciences.

CLCIV 223 / CLARCH 223. Greeks and Barbarian
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

In the first millennium BCE, Greek adventurers, traders, colonists, and mercenaries traveled all over the ancient world, from Gibraltar to Afghanistan, from Egypt to the Black Sea. This course offers an archaeological perspective on the interactions between Greeks and non-Greeks and how those experiences helped shape both groups.

CLCIV 302 / HISTORY 302. The Roman Republic
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course surveys the political and social history of the Roman Republic from the archaic period to the death of Julius Caesar in 44 BCE.

CLCIV 328. Ancient Languages and Scripts
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

A general introduction to the study of ancient languages and the origin and development of their scripts and literatures. Topics examined include decipherment, ascertaining ancient pronunciation, linguistic prehistory and change, and the history and study of Greek and Latin.

CLCIV 339 / ASIAN 365 / HISTORY 339. Doctors in the Ancient World: China, Greece, and Rome
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course compares medicine in ancient China (particularly acupuncture) with medicine found in ancient Greece and Rome. We look at physicians in China, such as Chinese Chunyu Yi, and in Greece and Rome, such as Hippocrates and Galen. The course explores the following questions: How was medicine defined in the ancient world? To what extent was its practice similar or different from modern professional forms? Was medicine a craft or a science? Did ancient physicians dissect? What relationship existed between medicine and religion or magic? How do we explain differences between the Western and Chinese medical traditions?

CLCIV 341. Classics and Cinema
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course explores films as interpretations of the ancient world, how contemporary concerns have influenced the presentation of antiquity in film, and how the movies have influenced our view of antiquity. We examine mythological adventures, the Christian epics of the 1950's, spectacles of Roman history, and adaptations of classical texts.

CLCIV 342. Sexuality and Sexual Stereotype in Greek and Roman Culture
(3 - 4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The main aim of this course will be to consider how sexuality is constructed in the literature of the Greeks and the Romans. Subjects addressed will include sexual stereotype and role-reversal; the power relations of gender; homosexuality and heterosexuality; virginity and prostitution; sexuality and violence.

CLCIV 345. Slavery and Ethnicity in the Ancient World
Junior standing; general familiarity with American history. (3). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

Slavery was widespread in ancient Greece and Rome and was crucial to the social, economic and cultural flourishing of these societies. Nevertheless, the ugly reality of ancient slavery is seldom confronted directly in studies of the ancient world. This course aims to redress this imbalance by offering a detailed examination of the role of slavery in Greek and Roman society.

CLCIV 347 / RELIGION 347. Roman Religion from the Archaic Period to Late Antiquity
Prior course work on the Roman world (e.g., CLCIV 102 or 376, HISTORY 200 or 201). (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

We examine cults and rites of ancient Rome, from the archaic period to the end of the fourth century, through the study of ancient authors and archaeological remains of sacred sites.

CLCIV 350. Topics in Classical Civilization
CLCIV 101 and 102. (3). (HU). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course offers the opportunity to explore aspects of Classical Civilization such as war, slavery, law, festivals, government, drama, and other genres of ancient literature.

CLCIV 372. Sports and Daily Life in Ancient Rome
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Covers all aspects of daily life, recreation and sports in Rome and Italy including bathing, gladiators, charioteers, and the City of Rome.

CLCIV 375. War in Greek and Roman Civilization
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

An examination of the connection between the evolution of war and classical civilizations from the emergence of the Greek state to the late Roman Empire (c. 600 BC to 400 AD).

CLCIV 376. Emperors of Rome
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course offers students an opportunity to look at the various ways in which the Romans defined the position of emperor, how that position changed through time, and the way that the office was shaped by the interests of the governing class.

CLCIV 380 / HISTORY 381 / JUDAIC 380 / RELIGION 382. Ancient Jewish History to 638 CE: From Israelite Origins to Islamic Conquest
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted for students who have taken both ACABS 322 and ACABS 326.

This is an introduction to Jewish history and culture as it emerged in the sixth century B.C.E. until the Persian and Islamic conquests in the seventh century. We will try to understand how the "varieties of Judaism" emerged from the religion and culture of Israelite origins in the context of Near Eastern and Mediterranean imperial and cultural history.

CLCIV 382 / CLARCH 382. Food in the Ancient World: Subsistence and Symbol
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines patterns of food production and consumption in the ancient Mediterranean world in order to observe the organization and symbolic construction of communities through time. Manners of eating and drinking - or starving - in Greek, Hellenistic and Roman society will be focus for attention.

CLCIV 385. Greek Mythology
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The myths are studied systematically both as the background of Greek religious and literary forms and with reference to their influence on modern literature.

CLCIV 388 / PHIL 388. History of Philosophy: Ancient
One philosophy course with a grade of at least a C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) Knowledge of Greek or Latin is not required. (4; 2 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Western philosophy from its historical beginning through the Hellenistic period and including the pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Stoicism, and Scepticism.

CLCIV 392. Ancient Medicine in Greece & Rome
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course thematically examines the historical reception of the theories and practices of Greco-Roman physicians. By examining ancient Greek medicine in light of the modern fields of pathology, surgery, pharmacology, therapy, obstetrics, psychology, anatomy, medical science, ethics, and education, the student will gain not only a better understanding of the foundations of Western medicine but also an appreciation for how medical terms, theories, and practices take on different meanings with changes in science and society.

CLCIV 393. Plato's Dialogues in English
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

In this course we will read twelve of Plato's dialogues and will explore issues in Plato's ethics, psychology, epistemology, politics, and metaphysics. We will discuss methods of interpreting Plato's works as well as the implications of his critique of writing for understanding the dialogues. Finally, we will try to glimpse the meaning of Plato's philosophy in the light of history, taking into account the ancient setting of 4th century Athens and the 25 centuries of reading Plato that have passed since then.

CLCIV 403 / POLSCI 403. Greek Political Thought
POLSCI 101 or 302. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 456. Egypt after the Pharaohs: Public and Private Life in an Ancient Multicultural Society
CLCIV 101, or HISTORY 200 or 201, or an introductory class in Egyptian archaeology or history; or CLCIV 102, or CLARCH 221 or 222, or HISTART 221 or 222. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will study a major ancient culture under Greek and Roman rule. We will begin with a historical and geographic overview; proceed with diachronic case studies on themes such as daily life, ethnicity, gender, religion, army, administration, and social mobility; and conclude with its influence on modern popular culture.

CLCIV 472. Roman Law
Sophomore or above. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3; 2 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

CLCIV 475. Socrates: The Man and the Myth
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

In this class, we survey the philosophy of Socrates from antiquity to the modern world, asking not only, who was Socrates, but also, why has he mattered so much to Western culture? Socrates, the founder of Western philosophy, the supreme thinker, is also an icon of the art of living. Radical reformers and ultra conservatives have raised the banner of Socrates. Will the real Socrates please stand up?

CLCIV 476 / HISTORY 405 / RELIGION 476. Pagans and Christians in the Roman World
(4; 3 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

The course, will trace the formation of Christian ideas and modes of conduct in the Roman empire, examine religion both as a form of cultural and political expression and as a method of establishing a variety of contacts with a supernatural world. We thus begin with an analysis of what, was meant by culture and politics, while also looking at different ways of constructing a supernatural world.

CLCIV 480. Studying Antiquity
Open only to majors in Classical Civilization, Classical Archaeology, Classical Language and Literature, Ancient Greek, Latin, and Modern Greek. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

CLCIV 483 / ACABS 421 / RELIGION 488. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilizations
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This seminar course covers a number of topics exploring the relationship between Christianity as a religious tradition in antiquity and the cultural and social traditions of the ancient Mediterranean.

CLCIV 494 / CLARCH 494 / GREEK 494 / LATIN 494 / MODGREEK 494. Classical Studies Honors Seminar
Honors concentrators in Classical Studies. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) Minimum 3.4 GPA. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This research seminar is designed to help Senior Honors students concentrating in Classical Archaeology, Classical Civilizations, Classical Languages, and Modern Greek prepare for writing their Senior Honors Theses. Topics include: critical inquiry; original research; interpretation of texts; and presentation and organization of argument and ideas.

CLCIV 495. Senior Honors Research
Consent of instructor required. Upperclass standing. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is intended for Honors concentrators writing a thesis in Classical Civilization.

CLCIV 499. Supervised Reading
Permission of Instructor. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

Undergraduate supervised reading in Classical Civilization.