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Courses in LSA Near Eastern Studies
The Department of Near Eastern Studies offers instruction in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures and religions of the ancient Near East and the medieval and modern Middle East. The department’s language offerings provide the foundation for the academic study of the literatures, histories, cultures and religions of the region. The ancient language offerings include Sumerian, Egyptian, Akkadian, Hittite, Ugaritic, Avestan, Aramaic, and Classical Hebrew. The medieval and modern language offerings include Armenian, Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Turkish, and Uzbek. The undergraduate programs in the department are designed to initiate the academic study of the region, enhance the student’s critical skills, and promote an increased understanding of the historical processes underlying the transformation of cultures. Special Department Policy: The student must maintain at least a grade of a C in each term of a required concentration language. Those courses for which a student receives a lesser grade must be repeated.
Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (AAPTIS)
The division of Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (AAPTIS) offers instruction at the introductory to the advanced levels in medieval and modern Arabic, Armenian, Persian, and Turkish languages and literatures. Courses in the histories and cultures of select regions represented by these language groups are also offered as are a wide range of topics in Islamic studies.
AAPTIS 100 / ACABS 100 / HISTORY 132 / HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

An introductory course on the diversity of peoples, cultures and economics, and politics of the Middle East. Topics will include religion (Judaism, Islam, Christianity), cities and nomads, women in the Middle East, economic change, social and political systems, and the world's first civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt.

AAPTIS 101. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, I
(5). May not be repeated for credit.

This is the first of a two-term sequence in elementary Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). It is designed for those students who want to study MSA for communication and academic purposes. It starts with an introduction to Arabic phonology and script combined with oral basic communication practice. This is followed by situational dialogues and short reading passages including basic vocabulary and fundamental grammatical structures. The course offers combined training in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The students are provided with opportunities to practice Arabic through the use of highly-structured drills, contextualized exercises and supplementary communicative activities. Course requirements include daily preparation of the basic texts and the grammatical explanations, oral practice utilizing newly learned vocabulary and structures, reading supplementary short texts and situational dialogues and writing answers to certain drills, filling out forms and supplying simple biographical information.

AAPTIS 102. Elementary Modern Standard Arabic, II
AAPTIS 101 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) AAPTIS 101 or by assignment to AAPTIS 102 by Placement test. (5). May not be repeated for credit. AAPTIS 102 is not open to native speakers of Arabic. All other students who have not taken AAPTIS 101 on the UM-Ann Arbor campus, including U-M students returning from study abroad, must take the Arabic proficiency exam in order to determine their placement.

This course is the sequel to Arabic 101. The acquisition of basic vocabulary and fundamental structures is continued through meaningful and communicative practice based on short readings including simple news items, narration and description. There is increased emphasis on developing speaking, reading and writing skills and the use of Arabic-English dictionary. By the end of the semester, students should be able to conduct simple conversations in standard Arabic; read short passages; fill out simple forms, provide biographical information and write short messages.

AAPTIS 103. Intensive Elementary Modern Standard Arabic I and II
Recommended for undergraduates concentrating in Arabic and those who need Arabic for academic and research purposes. (10 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 101 or 102.

This course is a 10-credit intensive course equivalent in content, objectives, requirements and credits to the non-intensive two seminar sequence AAPTIS 101-102. It provides an accelerated introduction to the phonology and script of modern standard Arabic and its basic vocabulary and fundamental structures.

AAPTIS 119 / ASIANLAN 119. Introductory Central Asian Language I
(4 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 519.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at a basic level in the Central Asian language of their choice. Repeatable for different languages.

AAPTIS 120 / ASIANLAN 120. Introductory Central Asian Language II
AAPTIS 119 or ASIANLAN 119 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 520 or ASIANLAN 520. May not repeat the same language at the same level. May not repeat the same language at the same level. Undergraduate students elect AAPTIS 120 or ASIANLAN 120; graduate students elect AAPTIS 520 or ASIANLAN 520.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at a basic level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

AAPTIS 141. Elementary Persian, I
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 143. F.

AAPTIS 142. Elementary Persian, II
AAPTIS 141. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 143. W.

AAPTIS 151. Elementary Turkish, I
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 155. F.

AAPTIS 152. Elementary Turkish, II
AAPTIS 151 or equivalent. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 155. W.

AAPTIS 171 / ARMENIAN 171. Western Armenian, I
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 173/AAPTIS 173.

Introduction to the Western Armenian Language with exercises in reading, writing, and speaking. A balanced approach giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture will be employed.

AAPTIS 172 / ARMENIAN 172. Western Armenian, II
AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 171. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 173.

Introduction to the Western Armenian Language with exercises in reading, writing, and speaking. A balance approach giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture will be employed.

AAPTIS 192. First Year Seminar in Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies
Enrollment restricted to first-year students, including those with sophomore standing. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

First year seminar to be offered on special topics. Courses would not be part of the permanent curriculum, but offered by visiting faculty or permanent faculty for special purposes.

AAPTIS 200 / ACABS 200 / HJCS 200 / RELIGION 201. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. F.

Religions of the Book include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, all with roots in the Near East. This course serves as an introduction to those world religions. Traditions studied include Ancient Israel (including the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament) as well as its "offspring: " Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Special attention is paid the origins and development of these traditions, what they share, and how they differ.

AAPTIS 201. Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, I
AAPTIS 102 or 103 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better); or by assignment to AAPTIS 201 by placement test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) AAPTIS 102 or 103, or by assignment to AAPTIS 201 by placement test. (5). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 205.

The sequence of AAPTIS 201 and 202 is designed for students concentrating in Arabic or those who want to study Arabic for academic and research purposes. AAPTIS 201 continues the process of acquiring proficiency in the language. Listening, speaking, reading and writing skills are developed through short texts, drill practice and communicative activities focusing on the newly introduced vocabulary and grammatical structures. Required outside homework includes daily preparation of lessons, written assignments, regular use of the tapes that accompany each lesson and occasional extra reading assignments with the aid of the Arabic-English dictionary. Use of Arabic is emphasized throughout the whole course.

AAPTIS 202. Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic, II
AAPTIS 201 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) AAPTIS 201 or by assignment to AAPTIS 202 by placement test. (5). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 205. AAPTIS 202 is not open to native speakers of Arabic. All other students who have not completed AAPTIS 201 on the UM-Ann Arbor campus, including U-M students returning from study abroad, must take the Arabic proficiency exam in order to determine their placement. W.

This course is the second half of AAPTIS 201. Its primary objective is to continue the development of reading, discussion, and writing skills based on a variety of literary Arabic texts including short stories, essays, poems, and plays adapted from the works of contemporary professional Arab writers. Special attention will be given to Arabic grammar and terminology, reading, analysis, and discussion of texts with focus on important aspects of Arab-Islamic culture. Although Arabic will be the medium of instruction, there will be occasional translation practice, with the aid of the dictionary, of certain passages for intensive reading included at the end of each lesson. Students who successfully pass the course are expected to (1) read, analyze and discuss short literary passages at the intermediate level of proficiency, (2) write summaries of texts covered in class and short compositions based on familiar topics, (3) translate unfamiliar Arabic texts similar to those covered in class using the dictionary, and (4) interpret specific cultural, religious and social customs and traditions embodied in the selected readings.

AAPTIS 203. Intermediate Arabic for Communication I
AAPTIS 102 or 103. (5). May not be repeated for credit.

AAPTIS 203-204 is designed for students who have completed at least one year of standard Arabic and want to expand their knowledge of spoken and written standard Arabic for communication and career purposes. AAPTIS 203 provides useful information on all Arab countries and includes topics related to the communication needs of travelers and business people. The situational-communicative methodology is used throughout the course to help students become fluent in the use of Arabic in communicative situations. Emphasis is placed on listening, speaking, writing and culture.

AAPTIS 204. Intermediate Arabic for Communication II
AAPTIS 203. (5). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is the second half of Arabic 203. It continues the process of developing fluency and ease in the use of standard Arabic for both oral and written communication as well as appreciation and awareness of contemporary Arab culture. It includes situational topics pertinent to airport arrival and departure, checking in and out of hotels, using the telephone, making reservations and appointments, business lunch and talking business, ordering car shipments, renting an apartment, etc. Students who successfully complete this course will be able to perform well in a variety of situations, both social and business.

AAPTIS 205. Intensive Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic I and II
AAPTIS 102 with at least a C. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) AAPTIS 102 or 103. Recommended for Arabic concentrators and those who need Arabic for academic and research purposes. (10). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 201 or 202.

This course is a 10-credit intensive course equivalent in content, objectives, requirements and credits to the non-intensive two-semester sequence AAPTIS 201-202. It continues development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through texts, and practice, focusing on the newly introduced vocabulary and grammatical structures.

AAPTIS 210 / AMCULT 215 / ARABAM 215. Introduction to Arab-American Studies
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is an introductory survey to Arab-American studies.

AAPTIS 215. Colloquial Egyptian Arabic I
AAPTIS 102 or 103. (3). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 415 or 515, or 419.

The AAPTIS 215-216 sequence is recommended for undergraduate students who need Arabic for immediate use. It provides oral and communicative practice based on situational dialogues as used by native speakers in Cairo, Egypt. In AAPTIS 215, the basic principles of pronunciation, grammar, and functional vocabulary are emphasized through oral and pattern practice drills. Towards the end of the course emphasis shifts to practical use of the dialect based on expanded vocabulary and interactive situations containing more cultural and idiomatic content.

AAPTIS 216. Colloquial Egyptian Arabic II
AAPTIS 215 with a minimum grade of C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 416 or 516, or 419.

This course is a continuation of AAPTIS 215. In this course, there is more emphasis on interaction based on situational dialogues including cultural and idiomatic content. This course is also accompanied by audio recordings of pronunciation drills, situational dialogues, vocabulary and idiomatic expressions, and listening comprehension passages.

AAPTIS 217. Colloquial Levantine Arabic I
AAPTIS 102 or 103. (3). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 417 or 517, or 420.

The sequence 217-218 is recommended for undergraduate students who need Arabic for immediate oral use. It provides oral and communicative practice based on situational dialogues as used by native speakers in Jerusalem, Beirut, Damascus and Amman. In Arabic 217, the basic principles of pronunciation, grammar, and functional vocabulary are emphasized through oral and pattern practice drills. Towards the end of the course emphasis shifts to practical use of the dialect based on expanded vocabulary and interactive situations containing more cultural and idiomatic content.

AAPTIS 218. Colloquial Levantine Arabic II
AAPTIS 217 with a minimum grade of C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 418 or 518.

This course is a continuation of AAPTIS 217. In this course, the emphasis shifts to practical use of the dialect based on situational dialogues including cultural and idiomatic content. The goal is to develop the ability to communicate with native speakers of Levantine Arabic with ease through the use of tape recordings of the drills and the dialogues outside class and group dynamic interactions in class.

AAPTIS 238 / ACABS 238 / EARTH 238 / HISTORY 238. Zoom: A History of Everything
(4; 3 - 4 in the half-term). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

This interdisciplinary course in "Big History" integrates the human story with its terrestrial and cosmic surroundings. It uses the notion of "powers of ten" to shift perspectives in space and time. It proceeds logarithmically, "nesting" each topic (and disciplinary perspective) within its predecessor, from astrophysics to history and back again.

AAPTIS 241. Intermediate Persian, I
AAPTIS 142 or 143. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 243. F.

AAPTIS 242. Intermediate Persian, II
AAPTIS 241. (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 243. W.

AAPTIS 244 / HISTORY 244 / HJCS 244 / JUDAIC 244 / MENAS 244. The History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
(4; 3 in the half-term). (SS). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course assesses the origins, dynamics, and the amazing, chameleon-like persistence of Arab-Jewish conflict for over a hundred years, from the late 1800s to the present. How did the rivalry begin? Why is no end in sight? And what does the conflict say about truth and morality in international relations?

AAPTIS 249 / ASIANLAN 249. Intermediate Central Asian Language I
AAPTIS 120 or ASIANLAN 120, with minimum grade of C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. Credit granted for up to three elections through any combination of AAPTIS 249 or 549, or ASIANLAN 249 or 549. Students may not repeat the same language at the same level. Graduate students elect AAPTIS 549.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an intermediate level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

AAPTIS 250 / ASIANLAN 250. Intermediate Central Asian Language II
AAPTIS 249 or ASIANLAN 249, (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 5). (Lang Req). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 550 or ASIANLAN 550. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an intermediate level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

AAPTIS 251. Intermediate Turkish, I
AAPTIS 152 or 155. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 255. F.

AAPTIS 252. Intermediate Turkish, II
AAPTIS 251. (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 255. W.

AAPTIS 262 / RELIGION 204. Introduction to Islam
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. W.

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to Islam as a religious tradition. After examining the fundamental sources of Islam, particularly the Qur'an and the reports about the activities and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, we will discuss how these foundations gave rise to the beliefs and practices of Muslims and to an Islamic civilization with spectacular achievements in such areas as law, theology, science, philosophy, and mysticism. Our emphasis will be on the first thousand years of Islam, but modern and recent developments will be covered as well.

AAPTIS 271 / ARMENIAN 271. Intermediate Western Armenian, I
AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 172 or 173. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 273/AAPTIS 273.

Continuation of Western Armenian 171/172. Reading, composition and conversation. A balanced approach, giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture.

AAPTIS 272 / ARMENIAN 272. Intermediate Western Armenian, II
AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 271. (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 273/AAPTIS 273.

Continuation of Armenian 171/172. Reading, composition and conversation. A balance approach, giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture.

AAPTIS 274 / ARMENIAN 274. Armenia: Culture and Ethnicity
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This course will explore various aspects of the Christian Armenian identity, from the earliest times to the present, against a historical and political background, with a greater emphasis on the more modern times. It will highlight the formation of the Armenian self-image; its principal features (political, religious, cultural); and its historical evolution in a multi-religious and multi-national region that has undergone territorial and cultural transformations.

AAPTIS 277 / ACABS 277 / HJCS 277 / JUDAIC 277 / RELIGION 277. The Land of Israel/Palestine through the Ages
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This survey course on the history of the Land of Israel/Palestine will outline the historical events that occurred in that territory, analyze the various factors (political, economic, cultural) that shaped its development, and introduce empires and nations that ruled the land as well as the people who inhabited its cities and villages.

AAPTIS 285 / HISTART 285. Visual Culture Islam
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

We survey the arts in the Islamic world from Spain to India, 7th-19th centuries. Students study a limited selection of architectural monuments and luxury arts (books, paintings, objects) in light of the art historical and socio-economic parameters of their production and consumption. The visual culture also anchors our study of the spiritual and intellectual values of Islam and the formation and development of its distinctive culture idioms.

AAPTIS 290. Humanities Topics in Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies
(3 - 4). (HU). May be elected twice for credit.

Intended for lower-level undergraduate students, designated by the section title and taught by a visiting or permanent faculty member. Topics may include such fields such as philosophy, religion, screen arts, literature, history, political science, etc., as they pertain to AAPTIS.

AAPTIS 291. Topics in Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

Undergraduate course in the field of Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies taught by a temporary faculty or as a testing course for a permanent faculty.

AAPTIS 296 / GTBOOKS 246. Great Books of the Middle East
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course explores the classics of Islamic literature, including scripture, poetry, theology, novels, and historical works written in Arabic, Persian and Turkish. The readings focus on two themes: justice, governance and the Islamic polity; and love, both mystical love for God and romantic love. We will study works that approach these themes from different historical, geographical and cultural perspectives, and that have proved to have global resonance - for a Muslim readership and beyond. All works read in English.

AAPTIS 325 / ASIAN 324 / HISTORY 325 / RELIGION 325. The History of Islam in South Asia
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the history of Muslim communities and institutions in South Asia. It will consider Muslim political expansion and sovereignty, conversion, the interaction between religious communities, Islamic aesthetics, the impact of colonial rule, India?s partition and the creation of Pakistan, and the contemporary concerns of South Asia?s Muslims.

AAPTIS 331. Introduction to Arab Culture: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender Issues
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English. W.

This course offers a broad mosaic survey of the cultural, historical, social, religious, political and ethnic diversity in the Arab world.

AAPTIS 339. Turkey: Language, Culture, Society Between East and West
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English. A knowledge of Turkish is not required.

Introduction to the culture, language, and society of modern Turkey with a special emphasis on the Turkish position between Europe and the middle East, and the Turkish project of modernity.

AAPTIS 340 / ASIAN 340 / HISTORY 340 / MENAS 340 / REEES 340. From Genghis Khan to the Taliban: Modern Central Asia
(4; 3 - 4 in the half-term). (SS). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course provides an overview of modern Central Asian history. It focuses on the empires of the last 300 years: especially in Russian and Soviet Central Asia, but also the neighboring areas dominated by Britain and China (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Xinjiang).

AAPTIS 341 / HISTORY 306. History of the Ottoman Empire: The "Classical Age", (ca. 1300-1600)
Not available to students who have completed AAPTIS 291 (#16) or HISTORY 303 (# 10) when taught with the topic "Ten Sultans, One Empire: The Ottoman Classical Age". (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Using the reigns of the first ten Ottoman sultans as its structural/chronological basis, this course traces the history of the Ottoman Empire from its humble beginnings in the beginning of the 14th century to its grandeur under Suleyman "the Magnificent."

AAPTIS 342 / HISTORY 307. History of the Ottoman Empire: The "Post-Classical Age", (ca. 1600-1922)
Not available to students who have completed AAPTIS 291 (#17) or HISTORY 303 (# 13) when taught with the topic "The Ottoman Empire in the 'Post Classical Age'". (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Commencing with an overview of the Ottoman "Classical Age" (ca. 1300-1600), this course will "trace the history of the Ottoman Empire from its grandeur under Suleyman the Magnificent" to its collapse in the first quarter of the 20th century.

AAPTIS 359 / ASIANLAN 359. Advanced Central Asian Language I
AAPTIS 250 or ASIANLAN 250, (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). Consent of instructor required. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 4). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. May not repeat the same language at the same level. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write to an advanced level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

AAPTIS 360 / ASIANLAN 360. Advanced Central Asian Language II
AAPTIS 359 or ASIANLAN 359. Consent of instructor required. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 4). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. May not repeat the same language at the same level. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write to an advanced level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

AAPTIS 361. Jihad in History
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the idea of jihad and the ways in which muslims have experienced it and thought about it throughout their history. Jihad is not only an important part of religious doctrine and belief; it has also been an element in the building of Islamic societies and states in many environments over many centuries. The course uses jihad as a key to understanding relations between Muslims and non-Muslims (peaceful and otherwise). It pays special attention to the controversies and debates that have taken place over jihad, both among Muslims and non-Muslims.

AAPTIS 363 / RELIGION 363. The Qur'an and Its Interpretations
No prior knowledge of Islam is necessary, although some knowledge of the Bible would be helpful. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the history of the Qur'anic text from its inception in seventh century Arabia to the present. Special attention is given to the world of ideas of the Qur'an and the ways in which it was understood and interpreted by Muslims living in vastly different social, political and cultural environments. The Qur'an's multifarious influences on all aspects of Muslim life (language, literature, arts, politics, jurisprudence, moral/ethical codes, rites of passage/lifecycle) will be examined.

AAPTIS 364 / HISTORY 334 / MENAS 334. Selected Topics in Near and Middle Eastern Studies
(1 - 3). May not be repeated for credit.

AAPTIS 365. The Prophet Muhammad in Islam
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces students to the Islamic traditions about the life of the Prophet Muhammad, the basic historical and historiographical problems, the veneration of the prophet as a fundamental if non-cannonical part of Islam, and modern Muslim and western interpretation of his life and role in history.

AAPTIS 381. Introduction to Arab Literature in Translation
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

AAPTIS 383. The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Middle Eastern Literature
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines how authors from various parts of the Middle East (primarily but not exclusively Israelis and Palestinians) portray the Arab-Israeli conflict in their writings, from within different cultural contexts and literary traditions, and from differing ideological and political viewpoints.

AAPTIS 395. Directed Undergraduate Readings
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

AAPTIS 403. Advanced Modern Standard Arabic I
AAPTIS 202 or 205 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) AAPTIS 202 or 205, or assignment to AAPTIS 403 by placement test. (4). May not be repeated for credit. F.

The objectives of this course are to develop fluency and accuracy in understanding, speaking and writing modern standard Arabic and to expand students' awareness of Arab-Islamic culture and traditions. The course is based on a variety of literary texts and authentic cultural audio visual materials. The course materials reflect not only the literary but also the cultural, social and political trends of contemporary Arabic society.

AAPTIS 404. Advanced Modern Standard Arabic II
AAPTIS 403 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) AAPTIS 403 or by assignment to AAPTIS 404 by placement test. (4). May not be repeated for credit. AAPTIS 404 is not open to native speakers of Arabic. All other students who have not completed AAPTIS 403 on the UM-Ann Arbor campus, including U-M students returning from study abroad, must take the Arabic proficiency exam in order to determine their placement.

This course continues the process of developing fluency and ease in the use of modern standard Arabic for both oral and written communication. It is mainly designed for learners of Arabic at the advanced level of proficiency. The course includes a wide variety of authentic textual and audio visual materials ranging from correspondents to short stories, essays, plays, poems, excerpts from speeches and panel discussions as well as tape recordings of live speeches and lectures and short films.

AAPTIS 411. Classical Arabic Grammar
Three years of Arabic study. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will approach the study of Arabic grammar in the same way as it was approached by traditional Arab grammarians. We will analyze the structure of Arabic discourse by applying Arabic grammatical terminology and highlighting the relationship of the lexical meaning of the term to its denoted function. Illustrative examples are taken from classical texts including but not limited to Qur'an, Hadith, literary prose and pre-Islamic poetry.

AAPTIS 412. Intensive Advanced Business Arabic I and II
AAPTIS 202, or 204, or 205 with a minimum grade of C. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) This course is for students, community members, and government personnel who have completed at least two years of Arabic and wish to continue Arabic study for career and professional purposes. (8 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS 409 or 410. Rackham credit requires additional work.

AAPTIS 412 is an 8-credit intensive course equivalent in content, objectives, requirement and credits to the non-intensive two semester non-intensive two semester sequence AAPTIS 409-410.

AAPTIS 432. Arabic Phonology and Morphophonology
AAPTIS 202 or AAPTIS 205 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who are enrolled in or have completed AAPTIS 535. Taught in English.

Arabic Phonology and Morphology examines the phonetic, phonological, and morphophonological features of standard and dialectal Arabic.

AAPTIS 433 / LING 433. Arabic Syntax and Semantics
AAPTIS 202 or 205 (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The course examines generative syntactic theory, especially the notion of principles and parameters, as well as functional, cognitive, and lexical semantic approaches and their relevance of analysis to standard Arabic and at least one Arabic dialect, using as a reference point medieval Arabic grammar.

AAPTIS 434. Arabic Historical Linguistics and Dialectology
AAPTIS 202 or AAPTIS 205 (completed with a minimum grade of C or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course surveys the development of the Arabic language from its origins to the present. The structure and development of Old, Middle, and Modern Arabic and their affinities to other indigenous dialects and languages are outlined. The historical implications of the development of communal dialects, sociolinguistic variation, and inherent linguistic variability are treated.

AAPTIS 440. The Literature of the Turks
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

AAPTIS 454. Arabic Second Language Acquisition
AAPTIS 202 or 205, (completed with a minimum grade of C or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Arabic second language acquisition examines: (1) how Arabic as a second/foreign language is learned, (2) what factors contribute to different learning outcomes and variability, and (3) how second language learners of Arabic with different native language backgrounds can attain superior or near native competence. Research findings on Arabic and other languages are explored not only from the perspective of the researcher, but also from that of the teacher. Hence, the course helps students in developing skills to interpret research findings as well as using relevant findings to inform teaching.

AAPTIS 459. Ottoman Turkish Culture
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

An introduction to the Turko-Islamic elite and popular culture of the Ottoman Empire. The course approaches its subject within the broader context of Islamic culture on the one hand, and the specific geographical and social conditions of the Ottoman world on the other.

AAPTIS 461 / HISTORY 442. The First Millennium of the Islamic Near East
Junior standing. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

AAPTIS 462 / HISTORY 428. The Rise of Islam
Junior standing or permission of instructor. Taught in English. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

The Near East and eastern Mediterranean world in late antiquity; Muhammad and the formation of Islam; the early Islamic empire at its heights.

AAPTIS 465 / RELIGION 465. Islamic Mysticism
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

Beginning with the Qur'anic origins of Islamic mysticism and its early Christian and ascetic influences, this course will explore the central themes and institutional forms of Sufism, a stream of Islam which stresses the esoteric (mystical) dimensions of religious faith. It will reflect upon the inward quest and devotions of Muslim mystics as these have been lived and expressed in art, theology, literature, and fellowship since the 8th century CE.

AAPTIS 467 / RELIGION 467. Shi'ism: The History of Messianism and the Pursuit of Justice in Islamdom
Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The course will survey the history of diverse Alid movements from the assassination of Ali (d.661) to the crystallization of shi'ism into distinct political, legal and theological schools (Twelver, Isma'ili, Zaydi), and ends with the establishment of Twelver Shi'ism as an imperial religion in Safvi Iran (1501-1722). Emphasis on the debate over authority.

AAPTIS 474 / ARMENIAN 416. An Introduction to Modern Armenian Literature
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This course will outline a history of Armenian Literature from the 16th to the 20th centuries, concentrating on the works of major authors who flourished within and without Armenia. Both the traditional and new literature will be analyzed, but a greater emphasis will be placed on the 19th-20th centuries, including Eastern and Western Armenian literatures, literature of the post-Genocide dispersion, and that of Soviet Armenia.

AAPTIS 486. Topics in Modern Arabic Literature in Translation
(3). May be elected three times for credit. Taught in English.

This course will focus on three main topics. 1) Mappings of the Arabic Renaissance: an alternative, cultural, literary and intellectual reading of the Arab Renaissance (Nahdah) from the standout of its forerunners. A special emphasis will be put on the emergence of the concept of time, heralding the birth of the Arabic novel. 2) The Rise of the Arabic Novel: the emergence of this literary genre in modern Arabic literature has always been a very controversial issue, in point of the origin and possible influences, both intrinsic and foreign. We will attempt to subvert some of the prevalent notions, and reexamine some of the counter-arguments. 3) Autobiography in Modern Arabic Literature: against a background of literary theory, we will conduct a close reading, in English translation, of selected texts that are either novels disguised autobiographies, or autobiographies disguised as novels.

AAPTIS 487 / HISTORY 443. Modern Middle East History
(4). May not be repeated for credit.

Impact of the West on the Islamic Near East in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Emphasis is on the modernization of the Ottoman Empire and Republican Turkey and Egypt, the rise of the Arab and Zionist nationalisms and the subsequent Arab-Israeli dispute, and inter-Arab and international rivalries to the present.

AAPTIS 488. History of Arabic Literature in English
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

An introduction to the literary history of Arabic, from the earliest to modern times. Works in English translation will exemplify this literature which is drawn from poetry and prose. Lectures and class discussion will relate these writings to the societies, historical circumstances, and cultural values to which they give expression.

AAPTIS 491. Topics in Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish and Islamic Studies taught by a temporary faculty or as a testing course for permanent faculty.

AAPTIS 493 / MENAS 493. Comparative Perspectives of the Middle East and North Africa
(1). May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This 1-credit course, jointly offered by CMENAS and the Near Eastern Studies, brings together a diverse cohort of specialists covering 5000 years of history, languages, and culture, and a geographical area stretching from the Atlantic to Central Asia. Through a series of lectures by UM faculty and outside speakers, addressing a particular theme chose for that semester, students consider multiple perspectives of comparative research across the ages and cultures.

AAPTIS 495 / HISTORY 429 / RELIGION 496 / WOMENSTD 471. Gender and Sexuality in Pre-Modern Islam
Students should preferably have had one course in Islamic Studies. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

An introduction to Muslim understanding of gender and gender relations, first through a study of those sacred texts (Qur'an and Hadith) that came to define the ideal woman and man, as well as their roles and relationships. Then, gender participation in the political and cultural life of the Safavi, Ottoman and Mughal Courts shall be explored to view the interplay between theory and practice.

AAPTIS 498. Senior Honors Thesis
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 6). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected twice for credit. Continuing Course. Y grade can be reported at end of the first-term to indicate work in progress. At the end of the second term of AAPTIS 498, the final grade is posted for both term's elections. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

AAPTIS 501. Advanced Arabic Conversation and Composition
AAPTIS 404 or equivalent. Taught in Arabic. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Arabic. F.

AAPTIS 502. Advanced Arabic Readings in Special Subjects
AAPTIS 501 or equivalent. Taught in Arabic. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Arabic.

AAPTIS 504. Advanced Arabic Media I
AAPTIS 404 or equivalent. (4). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Arabic.

Emphasizes developing ease and fluency in listening, speaking, reading and writing journalistic Arabic. Course material includes unedited news items and radio and television programs which serve as the basis for class discussion and writing summaries.

AAPTIS 506. Intensive Advanced Arabic Media I and II
AAPTIS 404. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (8). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This course covers a host of political, economic, historical and social issues in the contemporary Arab world, with a special focus on critical reading, analysis and writing. It is conducted entirely in Arabic and intended for students who have completed at least three years of Arabic and wish to continue Arabic study for academic and professional purposes.

AAPTIS 531. Reading Modern Arab Authors in Arabic
AAPTIS 501 and permission of instructor. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

Selected texts (novels, short stories, poetry, and personal interviews), written by modern Arab authors in the last two decades, will read and discussed in Arabic, with a special emphasis on the language and strategies of narration, cultural contextualizations and the sheer pleasure of reading an original text.

AAPTIS 541. Classical Persian Texts
AAPTIS 242 or 243. (3). May be elected four times for credit. Taught in English.

AAPTIS 544. Modern Persian Fiction
AAPTIS 242 or 243. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Persian.

AAPTIS 545. Modern Persian Nonfiction
AAPTIS 242 or 243. Taught in Persian. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Persian.

AAPTIS 553. Modern Turkish Readings
AAPTIS 252 or 255. (3). May be elected three times for credit.

Intensive linguistic practice in modern Turkish with thorough literary, historical, and philological analysis.

AAPTIS 561. Modern Arabic Fiction
AAPTIS 403 or reading knowledge of Arabic. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Selected examples of contemporary imaginative prose writing, such as short and long fiction and drama, will be studied. Readings will be in Arabic and class discussions will be in English.

AAPTIS 563. Modern Arabic Nonfiction
AAPTIS 403 or reading knowledge of Arabic. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces the work of major Arab writers of the 19th and 20th centuries. Variable in focus according the interests of the class, readings are selected for translation, analysis, and commentary. The course explores the historical progression in the development of political and societal theories in modern times in the Arab world.

AAPTIS 567. Readings in Classical Islamic Texts
AAPTIS 404. (3). May be elected four times for credit. Taught in English.

Selected theological, philosophical, historical, and geographical texts.

AAPTIS 591. Topics in Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies taught by a temporary faculty or as a testing course for permanent faculty.

AAPTIS 592. Seminar in Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This seminar course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies taught by temporary faculty or as a testing course for permanent faculty.

AAPTIS 593. Mini Course - Topics in Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies
(1). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This mini course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies taught by temporary faculty or as testing course for permanent faculty.

Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS)

The division of Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies (ACABS) offers instruction at the introductory to advanced levels in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures, and religions of the ancient Near East (Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Israel, Jordan, and Syria).

The languages for which four terms of instruction are offered include Akkadian, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Greek.

ACABS 100 / AAPTIS 100 / HISTORY 132 / HJCS 100. Peoples of the Middle East
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

An introductory course on the diversity of peoples, cultures and economics, and politics of the Middle East. Topics will include religion (Judaism, Islam, Christianity), cities and nomads, women in the Middle East, economic change, social and political systems, and the world's first civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt.

ACABS 101. Elementary Classical Hebrew I
(3). May not be repeated for credit. F.

An introduction to the language and style of the Hebrew Bible and other ancient texts written in Hebrew. Regular instruction on grammar and vocabulary with drills.

ACABS 102. Elementary Classical Hebrew II
ACABS 101. (3). May not be repeated for credit. W.

Lessons and exercises on the language of the Hebrew Bible and other ancient texts written in Hebrew. Presentation of grammar and vocabulary.

ACABS 121 / RELIGION 121. Introduction to the Tanakh/Old Testament
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is designed to introduce to the student to the modern study of the Tanakh or Old Testament within the context of a contemporary public university liberal arts curriculum. This collection of texts will be studied both as cultural vestige of the ancient Near East and as a foundational document to Western thought. Lectures and readings will focus on the development of ancient Israel's literature, religion and history as well as on the roles of those central to the formation and maintenance of early Israelite traditions, the priest, king, prophet, and sage.

ACABS 122 / RELIGION 122. Introduction to the New Testament
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The course will introduce the student to the modern study of the New Testament, the most widely read, but probably least understood, book in the world.

ACABS 200 / AAPTIS 200 / HJCS 200 / RELIGION 201. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. F.

Religions of the Book include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, all with roots in the Near East. This course serves as an introduction to those world religions. Traditions studied include Ancient Israel (including the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament) as well as its "offspring: " Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Special attention is paid the origins and development of these traditions, what they share, and how they differ.

ACABS 201. Intermediate Classical Hebrew, I
ACABS 102. (3). May not be repeated for credit. F.

Introduction to the Hebrew language and literature of Ancient Israel which includes, but is not limited to, the biblical traditions. Special emphasis is placed on refining the student's knowledge of Classical Hebrew through the study of Hebrew syntax.

ACABS 202. Intermediate Classical Hebrew, II
ACABS 201. (3). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. W.

Introduction to Classical Hebrew language and literature through the reading and analysis of Biblical and extra-Biblical texts from the time of Ancient Israel. Special emphasis placed on the study of Classical Hebrew syntax.

ACABS 221 / RELIGION 280. Jesus and the Gospels
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

ACABS 238 / AAPTIS 238 / EARTH 238 / HISTORY 238. Zoom: A History of Everything
(4; 3 - 4 in the half-term). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

This interdisciplinary course in "Big History" integrates the human story with its terrestrial and cosmic surroundings. It uses the notion of "powers of ten" to shift perspectives in space and time. It proceeds logarithmically, "nesting" each topic (and disciplinary perspective) within its predecessor, from astrophysics to history and back again.

ACABS 260. Mythology of the Ancient Near East
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

After establishing a theoretical framework of the interpretation of mythological narratives and reviewing the various cultures of the ancient Near East, we will read in translation and discuss the most important myths and epics of Sumer, Babylonia, Egypt, Anatolia, Canaan, Israel, Iran, and Hellenism in the East.

ACABS 261. Ancient Egypt: Religion and Culture
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

A general introduction to the religion and culture of Ancient Egypt, students in this course will examine aspects of ancient Egyptian religion through its intellectual and material culture.

ACABS 270 / HJCS 270 / JUDAIC 270 / RELIGION 270. Introduction to Rabbinic Literature
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in HJCS 470 or JUDAIC 470 or HJCS 570 or ACABS 570 or JUDAIC 570. Taught in English.

This course will explore the history and substance of these writings on three levels. First, we will situate the rabbinic literary enterprise within a broader cultural, historical and religious context. Second, we will examine the various genres that constitute rabbinic literature and get acquainted with the sages, an elite group of Jewish intellectuals, who created this corpus during the Roman and Byzantine periods. Finally, we will trace the way subsequent generations gradually shaped these texts to their current format and endowed them with their exalted status.

ACABS 277 / AAPTIS 277 / HJCS 277 / JUDAIC 277 / RELIGION 277. The Land of Israel/Palestine through the Ages
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This survey course on the history of the Land of Israel/Palestine will outline the historical events that occurred in that territory, analyze the various factors (political, economic, cultural) that shaped its development, and introduce empires and nations that ruled the land as well as the people who inhabited its cities and villages.

ACABS 281. Ancient Egypt and its World
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

ACABS 290. Humanities Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies
(3 - 4). (HU). May be elected twice for credit.

Intended for lower-lever undergraduate students, designed by the section title and taught by a visiting or permanent faculty member. Topics may include such fields such as philosophy, religion, screen arts, literature, history, political science, etc., as they pertain to ACABS.

ACABS 291. Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

Undergraduate topics course in the field of Ancient Culture and Biblical Study.

ACABS 307 / GREEK 307. The Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark and Luke
GREEK 101 and 102; and permission of instructor. (4). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Greek. The language requirement is satisfied with successful completion of both ACABS 307 AND 308.

Careful attention will be paid to the morphology and syntax of Koine Greek, particularly as the morphology and syntax contrasts with Attic Greek. The three Gospels will be read in their entirety, with close attention paid to stylistic differences in the accounts.

ACABS 308 / GREEK 308. The Acts of the Apostles
GREEK 101 and 102; and permission of instructor. (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in Greek. The language requirement is satisfied with successful completion of both ACABS 307 AND 308.

A continuation of GREEK 307, with greater attention to New Testament idiom and style. Special attention will be given to selected vocabulary: the etymology and the shift in meaning as the words are used in ATTIC, Hellenistic, and KOINE Greek.

ACABS 321 / RELIGION 358. Israel Before the Exile (587 BCE): Its History & Religion
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course encompasses a series of studies in the cultural and political histories of ancient Israel. Early Israelite history and religion from their beginnings to the aftermath of the 6th century CE Babylonian exile will be examined within their respective biblical and ancient Near Eastern contexts (i.e., Palestine-Israel, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Syria, Persia, and Anatolia).

ACABS 323 / RELIGION 350. Early Christianity, 50-650 CE
(4; 3 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the writings of the Church Fathers, east and west, from the 1st through the 5th centuries CE. The course is organized around certain recurring themes and problems in the history of Christianity, including: the unity of God; the inspiration of scripture; place of the church in society, etc.

ACABS 324 / ANTHRARC 384. Ancient Mesopotamia: History and Culture
Sophomore standing. (4; 3 in the half-term). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian civilization from the first cuneiform documents to the fall of the Neo-Babylonian empire; special attention to (1) the rise and nature of early Mesopotamian city-states; (2) Mesopotamian economics; (3) Mesopotamian law; (4) ethnic relations in Mesopotamia; (5) Mesopotamia and its neighbors - Egypt, Iran, Israel; (6) the collapse of Mesopotamian civilization.

ACABS 326 / HJCS 326 / RELIGION 326. History of the Jews in the Roman and Early Byzantine Worlds
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

An introductory survey course on the history of the Jews in the Roman and Byzantine worlds, from the arrival of the Romans in the East in the first century BCE through the Arab conquests in the seventh and eighth centuries CE.

ACABS 382 / ANTHRARC 381 / HISTART 382. Introduction to Egyptian Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course focuses on the material culture and disposition of archaeological sites in ancient Egypt and Nubia from c. 3200 BCE-285 ac. The logic and nature of both sacred and secular landscapes are explored, and specific sites, some well known (such as the extensive temple precinct at Karnak and the Meroitic pyramids).

ACABS 395. Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies: Directed Readings
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

ACABS 411. Introduction to Akkadian
(3). May not be repeated for credit. F.

ACABS 412. Akkadian Texts
ACABS 411. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

ACABS 414 / RELIGION 442. Mythology and Literature of Ancient Mesopotamia
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will provide a broad introduction to the two and a half millennia of Sumerian and Akkadian writing including myth and literature. It will be studied from a variety of perspectives, concentrating on the historical and social contexts of writing. Genre theory, semiotics, hermeneutics and reader response will be studied in conjunction with the unique problems of ancient myths.

ACABS 421 / CLCIV 483 / RELIGION 488. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilizations
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This seminar course covers a number of topics exploring the relationship between Christianity as a religious tradition in antiquity and the cultural and social traditions of the ancient Mediterranean.

ACABS 427 / GREEK 473. Advanced Koine
Two years of Greek, one term of New Testament Greek (300 level or equivalent). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Interpretation of selected New Testament texts with attention to philological, historical, and theological problems. This course also provides an introduction to questions of the textual transmission of New Testament writings.

ACABS 470 / HJCS 470 / JUDAIC 470. Reading the Rabbis
ACABS 202 or HJCS 202. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ACABS 270/HJCS 270/JUDAIC 270 or ACABS 570/HJCS 570/JUDAIC 570.

Students will study rabbinic sugyot in the original language and discuss modern scholarship and theory on rabbinic literature.

ACABS 474 / AAS 474. The Archaeology of Nubia
ACABS 281, ACABS 382, AAS 200, or ANTHRARC 282. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course presents the archaeology and history of one of Africa's earliest civilizations, Nubia, which is located along the Nile in what is today southern Egypt and northern Sudan. It summarizes developments in Nubian history from the expansion of the Sahara desert and the first human settlement in the Nile Valley and concluding with the fall of Meroe in about AD 300. Topics include rise of states and empires, colonialism, identities, international trade, and the relationship of climate change to social development. The course concludes with discussions of modern politics of cultural heritage and museums in the Middle East and Africa.

ACABS 485. Introduction to Middle Egyptian, I
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the grammar and literature of ancient Egypt, and to the hieroglyphic script.

ACABS 487 / WOMENSTD 487. Gender and Society in Ancient Egypt
Some familiarity with Egypt is helpful. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Using ancient texts in translation, secondary readings and artifacts in the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, students in this course will examine the definitions of gender, gender roles and relations and the impact of status, religion, sexuality and ethnicity on ancient Egyptian understandings of gender.

ACABS 491. Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Ancient Civilization and Biblical Studies taught by temporary faculty or as a testing course for permanent faculty.

ACABS 498. Senior Honors Thesis
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 6). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected twice for credit. Continuing Course. Y grade can be reported at end of the first-term to indicate work in progress. At the end of the second term of ACABS 498, the final grade is posted for both term's elections. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

ACABS 511. Introduction to Sumerian
(3). May not be repeated for credit. F.

ACABS 521. Coptic, I
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

ACABS 522. Coptic, II
ACABS 521 or equivalent. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

ACABS 587. Selected Topics in Ancient Egyptian History and Culture
ACABS 281 or ACABS 382 or HISTART 382 or ANTHRARC 381. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is an in-depth seminar on the pivotal Middle Kingdom (ca. 2040-1650 BCE) in ancient Egypt which investigates the period from a diachronic and critical historical perspective through a combination of textual and archaeological date. We will also contextualize the complex political, social and religious trends of the Middle Kingdom Egypt within the larger and interrelated systems of cultures in Africa, The Aegean and southwest Asia.

ACABS 591. Topics in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

ACABS 592. Seminar in Ancient Civilizations and Biblical Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

ACABS 611. Akkadian Documents
ACABS 412 or equivalent. (3). May be elected four times for credit.

Readings of Akkadian legal, administrative, and economic documents.

ACABS 612. Akkadian Readings
ACABS 412. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credits.

Armenian Studies (ARMENIAN)
ARMENIAN 171 / AAPTIS 171. Western Armenian, I
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 173/AAPTIS 173.

Introduction to the Western Armenian Language with exercises in reading, writing, and speaking. A balanced approach giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture will be employed.

ARMENIAN 172 / AAPTIS 172. Western Armenian, II
AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 171. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 173.

Introduction to the Western Armenian Language with exercises in reading, writing, and speaking. A balance approach giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture will be employed.

ARMENIAN 271 / AAPTIS 271. Intermediate Western Armenian, I
AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 172 or 173. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 273/AAPTIS 273.

Continuation of Western Armenian 171/172. Reading, composition and conversation. A balanced approach, giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture.

ARMENIAN 272 / AAPTIS 272. Intermediate Western Armenian, II
AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 271. (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 273/AAPTIS 273.

Continuation of Armenian 171/172. Reading, composition and conversation. A balance approach, giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture.

ARMENIAN 274 / AAPTIS 274. Armenia: Culture and Ethnicity
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This course will explore various aspects of the Christian Armenian identity, from the earliest times to the present, against a historical and political background, with a greater emphasis on the more modern times. It will highlight the formation of the Armenian self-image; its principal features (political, religious, cultural); and its historical evolution in a multi-religious and multi-national region that has undergone territorial and cultural transformations.

ARMENIAN 287 / HISTORY 287. Armenian History from Prehistoric Times to the Present
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

ARMENIAN 416 / AAPTIS 474. An Introduction to Modern Armenian Literature
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This course will outline a history of Armenian Literature from the 16th to the 20th centuries, concentrating on the works of major authors who flourished within and without Armenia. Both the traditional and new literature will be analyzed, but a greater emphasis will be placed on the 19th-20th centuries, including Eastern and Western Armenian literatures, literature of the post-Genocide dispersion, and that of Soviet Armenia.

Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS)
The division of Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS) offers instruction at the introductory to the advanced level in Hebrew language, literature and culture. Learning the language enables students to engage in the study of historical, literary and religious texts, as well as study the politics, folklore, anthropology of the culture, using texts and various media, including film. The study of Classical and Modern Hebrew texts provides students with an integrated view of the development of Hebrew and Jewish literature and culture. The program offers a variety of upper division courses in these areas, making it possible for students to create a concentration in HJCS.
HJCS 100 / AAPTIS 100 / ACABS 100 / HISTORY 132. Peoples of the Middle East
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

An introductory course on the diversity of peoples, cultures and economics, and politics of the Middle East. Topics will include religion (Judaism, Islam, Christianity), cities and nomads, women in the Middle East, economic change, social and political systems, and the world's first civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt.

HJCS 101. Elementary Modern Hebrew, I
(5). May not be repeated for credit. F.

HJCS 102. Elementary Modern Hebrew, II
HJCS 101. (5). May not be repeated for credit. W.

HJCS 192. First Year Seminar in Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies
Only first-year students, including those with sophomore standing, may pre-register for First-Year Seminars. All others need permission of instructor. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

HJCS 200 / AAPTIS 200 / ACABS 200 / RELIGION 201. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. F.

Religions of the Book include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, all with roots in the Near East. This course serves as an introduction to those world religions. Traditions studied include Ancient Israel (including the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament) as well as its "offspring: " Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Special attention is paid the origins and development of these traditions, what they share, and how they differ.

HJCS 201. Intermediate Modern Hebrew, I
HJCS 102. (5). May not be repeated for credit. F.

HJCS 202. Intermediate Modern Hebrew, II
HJCS 201. (5). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. W.

HJCS 210. Intensive Intermediate Modern Hebrew
HJCS 102. (10). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed HJCS 201 or 202. Sp, Su.

This course is a 10-credit intensive course equivalent in content, objectives, requirements and credits to the non-intensive two-semester sequence HJCS 201-202. It continues development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through texts, and practice, focusing on newly introduced vocabulary and grammatical structures.

HJCS 244 / AAPTIS 244 / HISTORY 244 / JUDAIC 244 / MENAS 244. The History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
(4; 3 in the half-term). (SS). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course assesses the origins, dynamics, and the amazing, chameleon-like persistence of Arab-Jewish conflict for over a hundred years, from the late 1800s to the present. How did the rivalry begin? Why is no end in sight? And what does the conflict say about truth and morality in international relations?

HJCS 250 / JUDAIC 250 / SAC 250. Jewish Film: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This lecture course offers an introduction to Jewish cinema from the earliest silent films to contemporary animated documentary. A range of European, American, and Israeli films will offer contrasting representations of Jewish ethnicity across diverse national contexts. We will consider how the nexus of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexuality and class informs images of Jews on the screen created in divergent historical periods and political circumstances.

HJCS 270 / ACABS 270 / JUDAIC 270 / RELIGION 270. Introduction to Rabbinic Literature
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in HJCS 470 or JUDAIC 470 or HJCS 570 or ACABS 570 or JUDAIC 570. Taught in English.

This course will explore the history and substance of these writings on three levels. First, we will situate the rabbinic literary enterprise within a broader cultural, historical and religious context. Second, we will examine the various genres that constitute rabbinic literature and get acquainted with the sages, an elite group of Jewish intellectuals, who created this corpus during the Roman and Byzantine periods. Finally, we will trace the way subsequent generations gradually shaped these texts to their current format and endowed them with their exalted status.

HJCS 276 / JUDAIC 205. Introduction to Jewish Civilizations and Culture
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in JUDAIC 505 or HJCS 576.

An interdisciplinary, introductory survey of Jewish civilization and culture from Biblical times to the present in many countries. Jewish culture and civilization, among the oldest extant, have been enriched by their development in different cultural contexts. The course includes history, rabbinics, Jewish thought, Hebrew and Yiddish literatures, sociology, political science.

HJCS 277 / AAPTIS 277 / ACABS 277 / JUDAIC 277 / RELIGION 277. The Land of Israel/Palestine through the Ages
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This survey course on the history of the Land of Israel/Palestine will outline the historical events that occurred in that territory, analyze the various factors (political, economic, cultural) that shaped its development, and introduce empires and nations that ruled the land as well as the people who inhabited its cities and villages.

HJCS 281 / JUDAIC 281 / SLAVIC 281. Jews in the Modern World: Texts, Images, Ideas
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

In this course we examine the multiple ways in which Jews in Europe, America, Israel, and the Middle East have responded to the cultural, political, economic, and social forces of modernity. By focusing on a variety of textual and visual material from the late 18th century to the present (including literary texts, fine arts, film, architecture), students have an opportunity to explore the processes by which Jewish culture has been shaped and reshaped in the face of unprecedented new freedoms and persecutions.

HJCS 290. Humanities Topics in Hebrew, Jewish and Cultural Studies
(3 - 4). (HU). May be elected twice for credit.

Intended for lower-level undergraduate students, designated by the section title and taught by a HJCS Studies regular or visiting faculty member. Topics may include such fields such as philosophy, religion, screen arts, literature, history, political science, etc., as they pertain to HJCS Studies.

HJCS 291. Topics in Hebrew and Judaic Cultural Studies
(3). May be repeated for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. Taught in English.

Undergraduate course in the field of Hebrew and Jewish Cultural studies taught on a temporary basis (for visiting faculty or regular faculty prior to establishing it into the master course list.)

HJCS 296 / JUDAIC 296 / RELIGION 296. Perspectives on the Holocaust
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

This course is a study of the Holocaust as an historical event and its impact on Jewish thought and culture.

HJCS 301. Advanced Hebrew, I
HJCS 202. (3). May not be repeated for credit. F.

HJCS 302. Advanced Hebrew, II
HJCS 301. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

HJCS 319 / JUDAIC 319. Judaic Studies Abroad
Consent of department required. (1 - 3). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be repeated for a maximum of 16 credits.

An off-campus study course under the supervision of a Judaic Studies faculty member. Students will be in engaged in on-site deep exploration of Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, the two main urban centers of Israel. Tel Aviv and Jerusalem are perceived as two polar opposites in the cultural geography of Israel. Jerusalem is a historical city in the Judean Mountains with a rich and sacred past, while Tel Aviv - "the first Hebrew City" - seemed to emerge from the sand dunes of the Mediterranean Sea 100 years ago. Through the years, both cities went through massive changes- geographical, cultural and social -and their images have developed in complex ways. Students will explore key sites in the history of two cities. They will be meeting for a conversation with writers, filmmakers and artists living and working in the two cities. Students will also explore the ethnic, racial and cultural diversity of the population in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, including Ashkenazi and Mizrahi Jews (Jews from Arab countries), religious and secular Jews, Arabs (Moslem and Christians) and migrant workers.

HJCS 323 / HISTART 323 / HISTORY 350 / JUDAIC 323 / RELIGION 324. History of Jewish Visual Culture: From Ancient Mosaics to Jew-Hop Videos
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces art and images from ancient Israel through contemporary Jewish American and Israeli art and popular visual culture. Can art be Jewish? What of the supposed prohibition against idolatry? How do Jewish attitudes about arts and the ways of making it change across time and space?

HJCS 326 / ACABS 326 / RELIGION 326. History of the Jews in the Roman and Early Byzantine Worlds
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

An introductory survey course on the history of the Jews in the Roman and Byzantine worlds, from the arrival of the Romans in the East in the first century BCE through the Arab conquests in the seventh and eighth centuries CE.

HJCS 395. Directed Undergraduate Readings
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

HJCS 470 / ACABS 470 / JUDAIC 470. Reading the Rabbis
ACABS 202 or HJCS 202. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ACABS 270/HJCS 270/JUDAIC 270 or ACABS 570/HJCS 570/JUDAIC 570.

Students will study rabbinic sugyot in the original language and discuss modern scholarship and theory on rabbinic literature.

HJCS 472. Introduction to Modern Hebrew Literature, II
HJCS 302. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

HJCS 477 / JUDAIC 478 / RELIGION 478. Modern Jewish Thought
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

HJCS 478 / JUDAIC 468 / RELIGION 469. Jewish Mysticism
(3). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

A critical study of the historical development of Jewish mysticism, its symbolic universe and its social ramifications. While the course will survey mystical traditions from the early rabbinic period through the modern, the focus will be on the variegated medieval stream known as kabbalah.

HJCS 491. Topics in Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies taught by temporary professors or as a testing course for permanent faculty.

HJCS 495. Directed Undergraduate Readings
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 3). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected twice for credit.

This course is designed for individuals who have an interest in a specific topic, perhaps one stemming from a previous class. A specific instructor must agree to direct such readings and the requirements must be specified when the approval is given.

HJCS 498. Senior Honors Thesis
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 6). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected twice for credit. Continuing Course. Y grade can be reported at end of the first-term to indicate work in progress. At the end of the second term of HJCS 498, the final grade is posted for both term's elections. F, W, Sp/Su, Sp, Su.

HJCS 577 / JUDAIC 467 / RELIGION 471. Seminar: Topics in the Study of Judaism
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

Topics within history of modern Judaism such as reform and tradition in modern Judaism, theological responses to the Holocaust, modern Jewish philosophy. Topics will change.

HJCS 591. Topics in Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

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