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Courses in LSA Near Eastern Studies
The Department of Near Eastern Studies offers instruction in the languages, literatures, histories, cultures and religions of the ancient Near East and the medieval and modern Middle East. The department’s language offerings provide the foundation for the academic study of the literatures, histories, cultures and religions of the region. The ancient language offerings include Sumerian, Egyptian, Akkadian, Hittite, Ugaritic, Avestan, Aramaic, and Classical Hebrew. The medieval and modern language offerings include Armenian, Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Turkish, and Uzbek. The undergraduate programs in the department are designed to initiate the academic study of the region, enhance the student’s critical skills, and promote an increased understanding of the historical processes underlying the transformation of cultures. Special Department Policy: The student must maintain at least a grade of a C in each term of a required concentration language. Those courses for which a student receives a lesser grade must be repeated.
Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (AAPTIS)
The division of Arabic, Armenian, Persian, Turkish, and Islamic Studies (AAPTIS) offers instruction at the introductory to the advanced levels in medieval and modern Arabic, Armenian, Persian, and Turkish languages and literatures. Courses in the histories and cultures of select regions represented by these language groups are also offered as are a wide range of topics in Islamic studies.
AAPTIS 364 / HISTORY 334 / MENAS 334. Selected Topics in Near and Middle Eastern Studies
(1 - 3). May not be repeated for credit.

Arabic Studies (ARABIC)
The Department of Near Eastern Studies offers an impressive range of Arabic courses at all levels including Arabic for Academic, Communication, Business, and Islamic purposes.

ARABIC 101 is open to all students with no prior knowledge of Arabic.

ARABIC 101. Elementary Arabic I
(5). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have taken or are enrolled in ARABIC 103 (AAPTIS 103).

This is the first of a two semester sequence in elementary level Arabic. Students learn the sounds and letters of Arabic and learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Novice High to Intermediate Low level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 102. Elementary Arabic II
ARABIC 101 (AAPTIS 101) (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ARABIC 101 (AAPTIS 101) or by assignment to ARABIC 102 (AAPTIS 102) by Placement test. (5). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have taken or are enrolled in ARABIC 103 (AAPTIS 103).

This course is the second of a two semester sequence in elementary level Arabic. Students learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Intermediate Low to Intermediate Mid level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 103. Intensive Elementary Arabic I and II
Recommended for undergraduates majoring in Arabic and those who need Arabic for academic and research purposes. (10 in the half-term). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARABIC 101 or 102.

This course is an intensive course equivalent to one year of elementary Arabic (ARABIC 101 and ARABIC 102). Students learn the sounds and letters of Arabic and learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Intermediate Low to Intermediate Mid level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 201. Intermediate Arabic I
ARABIC 102 (AAPTIS 102) or ARABIC 103 (AAPTIS 103) completed with a minimum grade of C- or better; or by assignment to ARABIC 201 by placement test. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ARABIC 102 (AAPTIS 102), ARABIC 103 (AAPTIS 103), or by assignment to ARABIC 201 by placement test. (5). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205).

This is the first of a two semester sequence of intermediate level Arabic. Students learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Intermediate Mid to Intermediate High level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 202. Intermediate Arabic II
ARABIC 201 (AAPTIS 201) (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ARABIC 201 (AAPTIS 201) or by assignment to ARABIC 202 (AAPTIS 202) by placement test. (5). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205).

This course is the second of a two semester sequence of Intermediate level Arabic. Students learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Intermediate High to Advanced Low level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 203. Intensive Intermediate Arabic I and II
ARABIC 102 (AAPTIS 102) with at least a C-. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ARABIC 102 or 103. Recommended for Arabic majors and those who need Arabic for academic and research purposes. (10 in the half-term). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARABIC 201 or 202.

This course is an intensive course equivalent to one year of intermediate Arabic (ARABIC 201 and ARABIC 202). Students learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Intermediate High to Advanced Low level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 401. Advanced Arabic I
ARABIC 202 (AAPTIS 202), ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205) completed with a minimum grade of C- or better. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ARABIC 202 (AAPTIS 202), ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205) or assignment to ARABIC 401 by placement test. (5). May not be repeated for credit.

This is the first of a two semester sequence of Advanced level Arabic. Students learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Advanced Low to Advanced Mid level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 402. Advanced Arabic II
ARABIC 401 (AAPTIS 403) (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) ARABIC 401 (AAPTIS 403) or by assignment to ARABIC 402 (AAPTIS 404) by placement test. (5). May not be repeated for credit.

This is the second of a two semester sequence of Advanced level Arabic. Students learn to understand, speak, read and write Arabic at Advanced Mid level in addition to learning cultural meanings of language.

ARABIC 410. Topics in Arabic Language
Completion of ARABIC 202. Students cannot elect the same topic twice. (3). May be elected twice for credit. Taught in Arabic.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students with intermediate Arabic language proficiency. Topics will vary, focusing on aspects of culture, linguistics, literature, music, film, history, etc. All material will be in Arabic, and the class will be taught in Arabic.

ARABIC 499. Independent Study in Arabic
Consent of department required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected three times for credit.

An independent study course in the area of Arabic. The intended language of instruction is Arabic. Approval from the department is required.

ARABIC 501. Advanced Arabic Conversation and Composition
ARABIC 402 (AAPTIS 404) or equivalent. Taught in Arabic. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The objectives of this course are to develop fluency and accuracy in understanding, speaking, and writing modern standard Arabic, and to expand students' awareness of Arab-Islamic culture and civilization. The course is based on a variety of literary texts and authentic cultural audio-visual materials.

ARABIC 503. Classical Arabic Grammar
Three years of Arabic study. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will approach the study of Arabic grammar in the same way as it was approached by traditional Arab grammarians. We will analyze the structure of Arabic discourse by applying Arabic grammatical terminology and highlighting the relationship of the lexical meaning of the term to its denoted function. Illustrative examples are taken from classical texts including but not limited to Qur'an, Hadith, literary prose and pre-Islamic poetry.

ARABIC 504. Advanced Arabic Media I
ARABIC 402 (AAPTIS 404) or equivalent. (4). May not be repeated for credit.

Emphasizes developing ease and fluency in listening, speaking, reading and writing journalistic Arabic. Course material includes unedited news items and radio and television programs which serve as the basis for class discussion and writing summaries.

ARABIC 506. Arabic Phonology and Morphophonology
ARABIC 202 (AAPTIS 202) or ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205) (completed with a minimum grade of C- or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who are enrolled in or have completed ARABIC 606.

Arabic Phonology and Morphology examines the phonetic, phonological, and morphophonological features of standard and dialectal Arabic.

ARABIC 507 / LING 433. Arabic Syntax and Semantics
ARABIC 202 (AAPTIS 202) or ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205) completed with a minimum grade of C- or better. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The course examines generative syntactic theory, especially the notion of principles and parameters, as well as functional, cognitive, and lexical semantic approaches and their relevance of analysis to standard Arabic and at least one Arabic dialect, using as a reference point medieval Arabic grammar.

ARABIC 508. Arabic Historical Linguistics and Dialectology
ARABIC 202 (AAPTIS 202) or ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205) (completed with a minimum grade of C or better). (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course surveys the development of the Arabic language from its origins to the present. The structure and development of Old, Middle, and Modern Arabic and their affinities to other indigenous dialects and languages are outlined. The historical implications of the development of communal dialects, sociolinguistic variation, and inherent linguistic variability are treated.

ARABIC 509. Arabic Second Language Acquisition
ARABIC 202 (AAPTIS 202) or ARABIC 203 (AAPTIS 205) completed with a minimum grade of C or better. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Arabic second language acquisition examines: (1) how Arabic as a second/foreign language is learned, (2) what factors contribute to different learning outcomes and variability, and (3) how second language learners of Arabic with different native language backgrounds can attain superior or near native competence. Research findings on Arabic and other languages are explored not only from the perspective of the researcher, but also from that of the teacher. Hence, the course helps students in developing skills to interpret research findings as well as using relevant findings to inform teaching.

ARABIC 510. Topics in Arabic Language
ARABIC 402 or advanced proficiency. Students may not take the same topic twice. (3). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students with advanced Arabic language proficiency. Topics will vary, focusing on aspects of culture, linguistics, literature, music, film, history, etc. All material will be in Arabic, and the class will be taught in Arabic.

ARABIC 513. Arabic-English Translation: Theory and Practice
Completion of ARABIC 402 or permission of the instructor. (3). May not be repeated for credit. Rackham credit requires additional work.

Examines linguistic and textual issues at the word, sentence, and discourse levels and explores methods of translation and the translator's latitude in reconstructing the meaning of the source text. Taught in English.

ARABIC 600. Reading Modern Arab Authors in Arabic
ARABIC 402, ARABIC 501, or permission of instructor. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

Selected texts (novels, short stories, poetry, and personal interviews), written by modern Arab authors in the last two decades, will read and discussed in Arabic, with a special emphasis on the language and strategies of narration, cultural contextualizations and the sheer pleasure of reading an original text.

ARABIC 601. Modern Arabic Fiction
ARABIC 402 or reading knowledge of Arabic. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Selected examples of contemporary imaginative prose writing, such as short and long fiction and drama, will be studied. Readings will be in Arabic and class discussions will be in English.

ARABIC 602. Modern Arabic Nonfiction
ARABIC 401 or reading knowledge of Arabic. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces the work of major Arab writers of the 19th and 20th centuries. Variable in focus according the interests of the class, readings are selected for translation, analysis, and commentary. The course explores the historical progression in the development of political and societal theories in modern times in the Arab world.

ARABIC 604. Modern Arabic Poetry
ARABIC 402; fluency in Arabic at the advanced level. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is meant to introduce students of modern Arabic literature to the sheer pleasure of reading--and discussing--a poem in the original language. We will closely read and analyze selected poems written throughout the century, representing different schools and trends.

ARABIC 610. Topics in Arabic Language
A minimum of two terms of 500-level Arabic coursework. Students cannot elect the same topic twice. (3). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students with advanced Arabic language proficiency. Topics will vary, focusing on aspects of culture, linguistics, literature, music, film, history, etc. All material will be in Arabic, and the class will be taught in Arabic.

Armenian Studies (ARMENIAN)
ARMENIAN 101. Western Armenian I
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 103 (ARMENIAN 173/AAPTIS 173).

Introduction to the Western Armenian Language with exercises in reading, writing, and speaking. A balanced approach giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture will be employed.

ARMENIAN 102. Western Armenian II
ARMENIAN 101 (AAPTIS 171). (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in ARMENIAN 103(AAPTIS 173).

Introduction to the Western Armenian Language with exercises in reading, writing, and speaking. A balance approach giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture will be employed.

ARMENIAN 201. Intermediate Western Armenian I
ARMENIAN 102 (AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 172) or ARMENIAN 103 (AAPTIS/ARMENIAN 173). (4). May not be repeated for credit.

Continuation of Western Armenian II. Reading, composition and conversation. A balanced approach, giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture.

ARMENIAN 202. Intermediate Western Armenian II
ARMENIAN 201 (AAPTIS 271). (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit.

Continuation of Armenian 101/102. Reading, composition and conversation. A balance approach, giving equal emphasis to the development of language skills and the study of Armenian culture.

ARMENIAN 205. Intermediate Eastern Armenian I
ARMENIAN 105 (ARMENIAN/AAPTIS 182) or ARMENIAN 107 (ARMENIAN/AAPTIS 183). (4). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is a continuation of Eastern Armenian II and forms the intermediate stage in teaching Eastern Armenian in a two-year cycle. Fundamentals of grammar, reading, writing and speaking, as well as translation from Armenian into English and vice versa will be emphasized.

ARMENIAN 287 / HISTORY 287. From Natives to Foreigners: Armenians in Turkey and the Diaspora
(3). (SS). May not be repeated for credit. Taught in English.

The demise of empires in the first half of the twentieth century has witnessed the rise of competing nationalisms and the establishment of ethno-national states. The turn from imperial to nation-state governance has meant the drawing of new borders and new imaginative categorization of populations based on ethnic, language, and sectarian affiliation. This course offers a contextual reading of nation-states in both the Balkans and the Middle East that were established out of the aches of the Ottoman Empire by focusing on the Armenians in Turkey as a case study.

ARMENIAN 410. Topics in Armenian Language
At least two years of coursework in Armenian or permission of instructor. (3). May be elected three times for credit.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students with advanced Armenian language proficiency. Topics will vary, focusing on aspects of culture, linguistics, literature, music, religion, film, history, etc. All material will be in Armenian, and the class will be taught in Armenian.

ARMENIAN 499. Independent Study in Armenian
Consent of department required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

An independent study course in the area of Armenian language. The intended language of instruction is Armenian.

Hebrew Studies (HEBREW)

The division of Hebrew offers instruction at the introductory to the advanced level in Hebrew language, literature and culture. Learning the language enables students to engage in the study of historical, literary and religious texts, as well as study the politics, folklore, anthropology of the culture, using texts and various media, including film. The study of Classical and Modern Hebrew texts provides students with an integrated view of the development of Hebrew and Jewish literature and culture.

Why Study Hebrew? People study Hebrew for different reasons. For some, it is the desire to be able to read the Hebrew Bible in the original language; for others, who are interested in Israel and wish to understand its people, culture and politics, Hebrew is necessary. Some people wish to use Hebrew as a means of communication. For others, the goal is the ability to read Hebrew literature, scholarship, newspapers or electronic media. No matter what your goal is, we offer a variety of courses and learning opportunities.

HEBREW 101. Elementary Modern Hebrew I
(5). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have taken or are enrolled in HEBREW 103 (HJCS 110).

The focus of instruction is on the development of basic communication skills in standard modern Hebrew. Speaking, writing, reading and listening comprehension are emphasized in classroom activities in a cultural context. This course is taught in small sections. Class discussions and activities are exclusively in Hebrew.

HEBREW 102. Elementary Modern Hebrew II
HEBREW 101. (5). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have taken or are enrolled in HEBREW 103 (HJCS 110).

The focus of instruction is on the development of basic communication skills in standard modern Hebrew. Speaking, writing, reading and listening comprehension are emphasized in classroom activities in a cultural context. This course is taught in small sections. Class discussions and activities are exclusively in Hebrew.

HEBREW 103. Intensive Elementary Modern Hebrew
(10). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have taken or are enrolled in HEBREW 101 (HJCS 101) or HEBREW 102 (HJCS 102).

This course is a beginning course for students with no background in, or with rudimentary knowledge of Hebrew. It is a 10-credit, intensive course equivalent in content, objectives, requirements and credits to the non-intensive, two-semester sequence HJCS 101-102, which offers instruction on listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills, starting with learning the alphabet.

HEBREW 201. Intermediate Modern Hebrew I
HEBREW 102 (HJCS 102) or HEBREW 103 (HJCS 110). (5). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in HEBREW 203 (HJCS 210).

In this course students study contemporary Hebrew as it is used in Israel today. It is a low-intermediate class. The purpose of this class is to expand and strengthen beginners' Hebrew skills so that they become more self-assured, communicative and versatile when they listen to, read, speak, and write Hebrew. It emphasizes both communicative and cultural themes and focuses on developing a rich and active vocabulary in several language domains.

HEBREW 202. Intermediate Modern Hebrew II
HEBREW 201 (HJCS 201). (5). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in HEBREW 203 (HJCS 210).

The focus of instruction is on further development of intermediate language skills in Modern Israeli Hebrew with special emphasis on oral and written communication. In addition to the textbook, materials on contemporary Israeli culture and society in the age of globalization are presented through the use of recent movies, short literary and non-literary texts, web resources and popular music.

HEBREW 203. Intensive Intermediate Modern Hebrew
HEBREW 102 (HJCS 102). (10). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed HEBREW 201 (HJCS 201) or HEBREW 202 (HJCS 202).

This course is a 10-credit intensive course equivalent in content, objectives, requirements and credits to the non-intensive two-semester sequence HEBREW 201/202. It continues development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through texts, and practice, focusing on newly introduced vocabulary and grammatical structures.

HEBREW 301. Advanced Hebrew I
HEBREW 202 (HJCS 202) or HEBREW 203 (HJCS 210). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The objectives of this course are to enhance writing and speaking skills; review basic language structures and enrich vocabulary. The course materials consist of texts from Modern Hebrew prose both fiction and non-fiction.

HEBREW 302. Advanced Hebrew II
HEBREW 301 (HJCS 301). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The course materials consist of texts from Modern Hebrew prose: fiction and non-fiction. Writing and speaking skills are enhanced through a series of related assignments. Review of basic language structures and enrichment of vocabulary are among the objectives of this course.

HEBREW 404. Ethnicity in Israeli Literature and Culture
HEBREW 302 (HJCS 302). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course focuses on Israeli literature, film, and music created by Jewish immigrants from the Middle East and North Africa. We consider how the categories of ethnicity, class, and gender have been constructed in Israel and ask why the Mizrahi/Ashkenazi divide continues to be so central to Israeli culture, society, and politics.

HEBREW 409. Readings in Modern Hebrew
Consent of instructor required. Intermediate level proficiency or higher in modern Hebrew. (1 - 2). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected four times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is intended for Hebrew language students who wish to take an independent study that requires them to read texts in modern Hebrew.

HEBREW 410. Topics in Modern Hebrew Language
Completion of at least HEBREW 301 or advanced Hebrew proficiency. (3). May be elected three times for credit.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students with advanced Hebrew language proficiency. Topics will vary, focusing on aspects of culture, linguistics, literature, music, religion, film, history, etc. All material will be in Hebrew, and the class will be taught in Hebrew.

HEBREW 499. Independent Study in Hebrew
Consent of department required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

An independent study course in the area of Hebrew language. The intended language of instruction is modern Hebrew.

Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS)
The division of Hebrew and Jewish Cultural Studies (HJCS) offers instruction at the introductory to the advanced level in Hebrew language, literature and culture. Learning the language enables students to engage in the study of historical, literary and religious texts, as well as study the politics, folklore, anthropology of the culture, using texts and various media, including film. The study of Classical and Modern Hebrew texts provides students with an integrated view of the development of Hebrew and Jewish literature and culture. The program offers a variety of upper division courses in these areas, making it possible for students to create a concentration in HJCS.
HJCS 290. Humanities Topics in Hebrew, Jewish and Cultural Studies
(3 - 4). (HU). May be elected twice for credit.

Intended for lower-level undergraduate students, designated by the section title and taught by a HJCS Studies regular or visiting faculty member. Topics may include such fields such as philosophy, religion, screen arts, literature, history, political science, etc., as they pertain to HJCS Studies.

HJCS 291. Topics in Hebrew and Judaic Cultural Studies
(3). May be repeated for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. Taught in English.

Undergraduate course in the field of Hebrew and Jewish Cultural studies taught on a temporary basis (for visiting faculty or regular faculty prior to establishing it into the master course list.)

Near East Studies (NEAREAST)
NEAREAST 100. Peoples of the Middle East
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

An introductory course on the diversity of peoples, cultures and economics, and politics of the Middle East. Topics will include religion (Judaism, Islam, Christianity), cities and nomads, women in the Middle East, economic change, social and political systems, and the world's first civilization of Mesopotamia and Egypt.

NEAREAST 200 / RELIGION 201. Introduction to World Religions: Near Eastern
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Religions of the Book include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, all with roots in the Near East. This course serves as an introduction to those world religions. Traditions studied include Ancient Israel (including the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament) as well as its "offspring: " Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Special attention is paid the origins and development of these traditions, what they share, and how they differ.

NEAREAST 201. Madness, Medicine, and Magic in the Middle East
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces the history of medicine in the Middle East, from the ancient world to the modern, with a focus on madness.

NEAREAST 207 / JUDAIC 277 / RELIGION 277. The Land of Israel/Palestine through the Ages
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This survey course on the history of the Land of Israel/Palestine will outline the historical events that occurred in that territory, analyze the various factors (political, economic, cultural) that shaped its development, and introduce empires and nations that ruled the land as well as the people who inhabited its cities and villages.

NEAREAST 216 / RELIGION 204. Introduction to Islam
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course provides a comprehensive introduction to Islam as a religious tradition. After examining the fundamental sources of Islam, particularly the Qur'an and the reports about the activities and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, we will discuss how these foundations gave rise to the beliefs and practices of Muslims and to an Islamic civilization with spectacular achievements in such areas as law, theology, science, philosophy, and mysticism. Our emphasis will be on the first thousand years of Islam, but modern and recent developments will be covered as well.

NEAREAST 218. Armenia: Culture and Ethnicity
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will explore various aspects of the Christian Armenian identity, from the earliest times to the present, against a historical and political background, with a greater emphasis on the more modern times. It will highlight the formation of the Armenian self-image; its principal features (political, religious, cultural); and its historical evolution in a multi-religious and multi-national region that has undergone territorial and cultural transformations.

NEAREAST 219 / GTBOOKS 246. Great Books of the Middle East
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course explores the classics of Islamic literature, including scripture, poetry, theology, novels, and historical works written in Arabic, Persian and Turkish. The readings focus on two themes: justice, governance and the Islamic polity; and love, both mystical love for God and romantic love. We will study works that approach these themes from different historical, geographical and cultural perspectives, and that have proved to have global resonance - for a Muslim readership and beyond. All works read in English.

NEAREAST 220. Religion and Revolutions: A Comparison of the French, Russian, Turkish, and Iranian Cases
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course addresses the central questions concerning the struggle between widely-held religious ideas propagated by various religious establishments (such as "the Church," or "the Muslim ulama") and freedom of thought and conscience by focusing on the cultural revolutions within the French, Russian, Turkish, and Iranian contexts during the 18th-20th centuries.

NEAREAST 221. Iranian Cinema
(3). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course provides an overview of the history of Iranian cinema, with an eye for identifying the major trends, genres, and filmmakers from the 1960s to the present day.

NEAREAST 235 / RELIGION 121. Introduction to the Tanakh/Old Testament
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is designed to introduce to the student to the modern study of the Tanakh or Old Testament within the context of a contemporary public university liberal arts curriculum. This collection of texts will be studied both as cultural vestige of the ancient Near East and as a foundational document to Western thought. Lectures and readings will focus on the development of ancient Israel's literature, religion and history as well as on the roles of those central to the formation and maintenance of early Israelite traditions, the priest, king, prophet, and sage.

NEAREAST 236 / RELIGION 122. Introduction to the New Testament
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The course will introduce the student to the modern study of the New Testament, the most widely read, but probably least understood, book in the world.

NEAREAST 238 / RELIGION 280. The Historical Jesus in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The course focuses on the founder of Christianity, Jesus son of Joseph (Joshua bar-Yosef), as an historical character. By examining all extant historical sources (Jewish, Christian, and Pagan), the course offers a critical reconstruction of the major stages of the life and deeds of the prophet from Nazareth, from his birth under Herod the Great to his death and crucifixion under Pontius Pilate, within the diverse world of Second Temple Judaism. The course also explores the way in which the figure of Jesus has been reinterpreted over the centuries within the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions, as well as his numerous portraits in the arts, involving the students in a multimedia experience of theater, fine arts, and music (Gospel music, and operas like Amahl and the Night Vision by Menotti as well as musicals like Jesus Christ Superstar and Godspell). Particular emphasis is placed on a detailed analysis of the many movies on Jesus, from Zecca-Noguet (1905) to DeMille (1927), Ray (1961), Pasolini (1966), Scorsese (1988), and Gibson (2004).

NEAREAST 239. Mythology of the Ancient Near East
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

After establishing a theoretical framework of the interpretation of mythological narratives and reviewing the various cultures of the ancient Near East, we will read in translation and discuss the most important myths and epics of Sumer, Babylonia, Egypt, Anatolia, Canaan, Israel, and Hellenism in the East.

NEAREAST 240. Ancient Egypt: Religion and Culture
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

A general introduction to the religion and culture of Ancient Egypt, students in this course will examine aspects of ancient Egyptian religion through its intellectual and material culture.

NEAREAST 242 / RELIGION 270. Introduction to Rabbinic Literature
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in HJCS 470 or JUDAIC 470 or HJCS 570 or ACABS 570 or JUDAIC 570.

This course will explore the history and substance of these writings on three levels. First, we will situate the rabbinic literary enterprise within a broader cultural, historical and religious context. Second, we will examine the various genres that constitute rabbinic literature and get acquainted with the sages, an elite group of Jewish intellectuals, who created this corpus during the Roman and Byzantine periods. Finally, we will trace the way subsequent generations gradually shaped these texts to their current format and endowed them with their exalted status.

NEAREAST 243. Ancient Egypt and its World
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This is an undergraduate introductory survey of ancient Egyptian culture and history, with the objective that students gain a basic understanding of the ancient Egyptian world.

NEAREAST 255 / JUDAIC 296 / RELIGION 296. Perspectives on the Holocaust
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is a study of the Holocaust as an historical event and its impact on Jewish thought and culture.

NEAREAST 256 / JUDAIC 256. Israeli Literature and Culture
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces students to the main works of Israeli literature and primary concerns of Israeli culture. It covers the pre-state period from the late 19th century to contemporary Israel.

NEAREAST 275 / AMCULT 215 / ARABAM 215. Introduction to Arab-American Studies
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is an introductory survey to Arab-American studies.

NEAREAST 276 / JUDAIC 205. What is Judaism?
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in JUDAIC 505 or HJCS 576.

An interdisciplinary, introductory survey of Jewish civilization and culture from Biblical times to the present in many countries. Jewish culture and civilization, among the oldest extant, have been enriched by their development in different cultural contexts. The course includes history, rabbinics, Jewish thought, Hebrew and Yiddish literatures, sociology, political science.

NEAREAST 278 / EARTH 238 / ENVIRON 238 / HISTORY 238. Zoom: A History of Everything
(4; 3 - 4 in the half-term). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

This interdisciplinary course in "Big History" integrates the human story with its terrestrial and cosmic surroundings. It uses the notion of "powers of ten" to shift perspectives in space and time. It proceeds logarithmically, "nesting" each topic (and disciplinary perspective) within its predecessor, from astrophysics to history and back again.

NEAREAST 279 / JUDAIC 255. Tel Aviv and Jerusalem in Israeli Culture
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Tel Aviv and Jerusalem are perceived as two polar opposites in the cultural geography of Israel. Through the years, both cities went through massive changes- geographical, cultural and social -and their images have developed in complex ways. This course examines prose, poetry, art and film which portray the two cities from the first half of the 20th century to present day, alongside historical and theoretical studies.

NEAREAST 280 / JUDAIC 250 / SAC 250. Jewish Film: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This lecture course offers an introduction to Jewish cinema from the earliest silent films to contemporary animated documentary. A range of European, American, and Israeli films will offer contrasting representations of Jewish ethnicity across diverse national contexts. We will consider how the nexus of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexuality and class informs images of Jews on the screen created in divergent historical periods and political circumstances.

NEAREAST 281 / JUDAIC 281 / SLAVIC 281. Jews in the Modern World: Texts, Images, Ideas
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

In this course we examine the multiple ways in which Jews in Europe, America, Israel, and the Middle East have responded to the cultural, political, economic, and social forces of modernity. By focusing on a variety of textual and visual material from the late 18th century to the present (including literary texts, fine arts, film, architecture), students have an opportunity to explore the processes by which Jewish culture has been shaped and reshaped in the face of unprecedented new freedoms and persecutions.

NEAREAST 284 / HISTORY 244 / JUDAIC 244 / MENAS 244. The History of the Arab-Israeli Conflict
(4; 3 in the half-term). (SS). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course assesses the origins, dynamics, and the amazing, chameleon-like persistence of Arab-Jewish conflict for over a hundred years, from the late 1800s to the present. How did the rivalry begin? Why is no end in sight? And what does the conflict say about truth and morality in international relations?

NEAREAST 285 / HISTART 285. Visual Culture Islam
(4). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

We survey the arts in the Islamic world from Spain to India, 7th-19th centuries. Students study a limited selection of architectural monuments and luxury arts (books, paintings, objects) in light of the art historical and socio-economic parameters of their production and consumption. The visual culture also anchors our study of the spiritual and intellectual values of Islam and the formation and development of its distinctive culture idioms.

NEAREAST 287 / HISTORY 290 / JUDAIC 290. Jews and Muslims
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Despite negative portrayals of Jewish-Muslim relations in the media, Jews and Muslims have been in intimate contact since the rise of Islam. This course examines how Jews and Muslims interacted, competed, and coexisted from the Middle Ages to the present, and how the ethnic, religious, and racial categories of "Jew" and "Muslim" have been constructed.

NEAREAST 290. Topics in Near Eastern Studies
(3). May be elected twice for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

Undergraduate course in the field of Near Eastern Studies taught by a temporary faculty member or as a testing course for a permanent faculty. Topics will vary, focusing on such fields as film, literature, popular culture, history, etc.

NEAREAST 291. Humanities Topics in Near Eastern Studies
(3). (HU). May be elected twice for credit.

Intended for lower-level undergraduate students, designated by the section title and taught by a visiting or permanent faculty member. Topics may include such fields such as philosophy, religion, screen arts, literature, history, political science, etc., as they pertain to Near Eastern studies.

NEAREAST 295. First Year Seminar in Near Eastern Studies
Enrollment restricted to first-year students, including those with sophomore standing. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

First year seminar to be offered on special topics. Courses would not be part of the permanent curriculum, but offered by visiting faculty or permanent faculty for special purposes.

NEAREAST 315. Introduction to Arab Culture
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course offers a broad mosaic survey of the cultural, historical, social, religious, political and ethnic diversity in the Arab world.

NEAREAST 317. Turkey in the 20th century: Modernity and the Politics of Culture
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

Introduction to the culture, language, and society of modern Turkey with a special emphasis on the Turkish position between Europe and the middle East, and the Turkish project of modernity.

NEAREAST 319 / HISTORY 306. History of the Ottoman Empire: The "Classical Age", (ca. 1300-1600)
Not available to students who have completed AAPTIS 291 (#16) or HISTORY 303 (# 10) when taught with the topic "Ten Sultans, One Empire: The Ottoman Classical Age". (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Using the reigns of the first ten Ottoman sultans as its structural/chronological basis, this course traces the history of the Ottoman Empire from its humble beginnings in the beginning of the 14th century to its grandeur under Suleyman "the Magnificent."

NEAREAST 320 / HISTORY 307. History of the Ottoman Empire: The "Post-Classical Age", (ca. 1600-1922)
Not available to students who have completed AAPTIS 291 (#17) or HISTORY 303 (# 13) when taught with the topic "The Ottoman Empire in the 'Post Classical Age'". (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Commencing with an overview of the Ottoman "Classical Age" (ca. 1300-1600), this course will "trace the history of the Ottoman Empire from its grandeur under Suleyman the Magnificent" to its collapse in the first quarter of the 20th century.

NEAREAST 321. Jihad in History
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the idea of jihad and the ways in which muslims have experienced it and thought about it throughout their history. Jihad is not only an important part of religious doctrine and belief; it has also been an element in the building of Islamic societies and states in many environments over many centuries. The course uses jihad as a key to understanding relations between Muslims and non-Muslims (peaceful and otherwise). It pays special attention to the controversies and debates that have taken place over jihad, both among Muslims and non-Muslims.

NEAREAST 322 / RELIGION 363. The Qur'an and Its Interpretations
No prior knowledge of Islam is necessary, although some knowledge of the Bible would be helpful. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the history of the Qur'anic text from its inception in seventh century Arabia to the present. Special attention is given to the world of ideas of the Qur'an and the ways in which it was understood and interpreted by Muslims living in vastly different social, political and cultural environments. The Qur'an's multifarious influences on all aspects of Muslim life (language, literature, arts, politics, jurisprudence, moral/ethical codes, rites of passage/lifecycle) will be examined.

NEAREAST 323. The Prophet Muhammad in Islam
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course introduces students to the Islamic traditions about the life of the Prophet Muhammad, the basic historical and historiographical problems, the veneration of the prophet as a fundamental if non-cannonical part of Islam, and modern Muslim and western interpretation of his life and role in history.

NEAREAST 324. Persian Literature in Translation
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will introduce students to what one scholar has called "the jewel in the crown of Persian culture," a literary tradition that spans a thousand years and covers a vast geographical landscape.

NEAREAST 325. Introduction to Arab Literature in Translation
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Materials in English translation will illustrate the progression of Arabic Literary culture from the earliest recorded sources to the present. Lectures and discussion, along with audio-visual materials, will introduce the essentials of the history of the Arabs and the cultural context expressed in their writings.

NEAREAST 326. The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Middle Eastern Literature
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines how authors from various parts of the Middle East (primarily but not exclusively Israelis and Palestinians) portray the Arab-Israeli conflict in their writings, from within different cultural contexts and literary traditions, and from differing ideological and political viewpoints.

NEAREAST 335 / RELIGION 359. History and Religion of Ancient Judaism
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

The course covers the history and religion of Ancient Judaism from the Babylonian exile (6th century BCE) to the emergence of Rabbinic Judaism (3rd century CE).

NEAREAST 336 / RELIGION 350. Early Christianity, 50-650 CE
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the writings of the Church Fathers, east and west, from the 1st through the 5th centuries CE. The course is organized around certain recurring themes and problems in the history of Christianity, including: the unity of God; the inspiration of scripture; place of the church in society, etc.

NEAREAST 337 / ANTHRARC 384. Ancient Mesopotamia: History and Culture
Sophomore standing. (4; 3 in the half-term). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian civilization from the first cuneiform documents to the fall of the Neo-Babylonian empire; special attention to (1) the rise and nature of early Mesopotamian city-states; (2) Mesopotamian economics; (3) Mesopotamian law; (4) ethnic relations in Mesopotamia; (5) Mesopotamia and its neighbors - Egypt, Iran, Israel; (6) the collapse of Mesopotamian civilization.

NEAREAST 338 / ANTHRARC 381 / HISTART 382. Introduction to Egyptian Archaeology
(4; 3 in the half-term). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

This course focuses on the material culture and disposition of archaeological sites in ancient Egypt and Nubia from c. 3200 BCE-285 ac. The logic and nature of both sacred and secular landscapes are explored, and specific sites, some well known (such as the extensive temple precinct at Karnak and the Meroitic pyramids).

NEAREAST 340 / ASIAN 340 / HISTORY 340 / MENAS 340 / REEES 340. From Genghis Khan to the Taliban: Modern Central Asia
(4; 3 - 4 in the half-term). (SS). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course provides an overview of modern Central Asian history. It focuses on the empires of the last 300 years: especially in Russian and Soviet Central Asia, but also the neighboring areas dominated by Britain and China (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Xinjiang).

NEAREAST 355 / CLARCH 327 / CLCIV 327 / RELIGION 326. Jews in the Roman Mediterranean: Archaeology, Religion, and Culture
(3). (ID). May not be repeated for credit.

An introductory survey course on the history of the Jews in the Roman and Byzantine worlds, from the arrival of the Romans in the East in the first century BCE through the Arab conquests in the seventh and eighth centuries CE.

NEAREAST 375 / ASIAN 324 / HISTORY 325 / MEMS 325 / RELIGION 325. The History of Islam in South Asia
(4). (HU). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This course examines the history of Muslim communities and institutions in South Asia. It will consider Muslim political expansion and sovereignty, conversion, the interaction between religious communities, Islamic aesthetics, the impact of colonial rule, India's partition and the creation of Pakistan, and the contemporary concerns of South Asia's Muslims.

NEAREAST 376 / HISTORY 394. History of the Turkish Republic
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Commencing with an overview of the 19th-century reform movements within the Ottoman Empire, this course traces the political, social, and economic history of Turkey from the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923 until today.

NEAREAST 380 / AMCULT 320 / JUDAIC 320. The Jewish Graphic Novel
(3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

Are the Jews the people of the graphic book? Can the Bible be rendered as comics? Did Jewish immigrants invent American superheroes? This seminar explores the poignant and oftentimes subversive ways in which American, European, and Israeli graphic narratives reconfigure canonical Jewish texts and address pivotal events in twentieth-century Jewish history.

NEAREAST 386 / JUDAIC 360. A Global History of the Jews of Spain
JUDAIC 205. (3). (HU). May not be repeated for credit.

1492 marked the expulsion of Jews from Spain, but Iberian Jews retained a distinct identity long after leaving their peninsula. This course examines how Sephardic Jews maintained ties of commerce, language, and identity across the globe and uses the story of Spanish Jewry as case study in world history.

NEAREAST 390. Topics in Near Eastern Studies
At least one previous course in Near Eastern studies. (3). May be elected twice for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is intended for undergraduates with some experience in the field of Near Eastern Studies. The course will be taught by a temporary faculty member or as a testing course for permanent faculty. Topics will vary, focusing on such areas as film, literature, history, popular culture, religion, etc.

NEAREAST 391. Humanities Topics in Near Eastern Studies
At least one previous course in Near Eastern studies. Students should not elect the same topic twice. (3). (HU). May be elected twice for credit.

This course is intended for undergraduates with some experience in the field of Near Eastern Studies. The course will be taught by a temporary faculty member or as a testing course for permanent faculty. Topics will vary, focusing on such areas as film, literature, history, popular culture, religion, etc.

NEAREAST 395. Study Abroad in the Near East
Consent of instructor required. (1 - 3). (EXPERIENTIAL). May be elected twice for credit.

This course is required for any student participating in a study abroad program associated with a Department of Near Eastern Studies course. Students will attend meetings with the instructor leading the trip to discuss travel requirements, safety, cultural norms, and some basic language instruction when necessary. It is the goal of this course to prepare students for travel abroad and to increase their understanding of Middle Eastern cultures through experiential learning.

NEAREAST 396. Internship in Near Eastern Studies
Consent of department required. (1). (EXPERIENTIAL). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected twice for credit.

An independent study for students to analyze their experiences in an internship focused on topics relevant to Near Eastern studies. Special focus is given to how the experiences of such internships can be used to deepen students' understanding of Middle Eastern cultures, histories, or current sociological issues.

NEAREAST 413 / HISTORY 428. The Rise of Islam
Junior standing or permission of instructor. Taught in English. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The Near East and eastern Mediterranean world in late antiquity; Muhammad and the formation of Islam; the early Islamic empire at its heights.

NEAREAST 414. Nationalities in the Ottoman Empire: The Rise and Demise of the Western Armenians
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course outlines the gradual coalescence of the Western Armenians into a loosely united national entity, from their beginnings in Cilicia to their destruction in the Ottoman Empire in WW I. It highlights the historical, religious, literary, linguistic, social and cultural aspects of Western Armenian realities in the past millennium.

NEAREAST 415. The Literature of the Turks
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

The objective of the course is to provide an introduction to the literary activities of the Turkic peoples from their origins in Central Asia around 600 AD to the Turkish contribution to world literature today. Taught in English with English translations of prose and poetry.

NEAREAST 416. The Sultan and His Subjects: Society and Culture in the Ottoman Empire
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the Turko-Islamic elite and popular culture of the Ottoman Empire. The course approaches its subject within the broader context of Islamic culture on the one hand, and the specific geographical and social conditions of the Ottoman world on the other.

NEAREAST 419 / HISTORY 537. The Near East in the Period of the Crusades, 945-1258
Junior standing. (3). (R&E). May not be repeated for credit.

This class focuses on four topics in particular: the historical, economic and ideological factors that motivated both Crusaders and Jihadists; the intricate history of competition and cooperation in the Christian and Muslim settlements in the Holy Land during the era of the Crusades; the cultural exchange that occurred during the Crusades - in particular, new cultural practices that Crusaders took back from the eastern Mediterranean to Europe; and the afterlife of the Crusades in the modern European and Arab imagination.

NEAREAST 421 / RELIGION 465. Islamic Mysticism: Sufism in Time and Space
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

Beginning with the Qur'anic origins of Islamic mysticism and its early Christian and ascetic influences, this course will explore the central themes and institutional forms of Sufism, a stream of Islam which stresses the esoteric (mystical) dimensions of religious faith. It will reflect upon the inward quest and devotions of Muslim mystics as these have been lived and expressed in art, theology, literature, and fellowship since the 8th century CE.

NEAREAST 422 / RELIGION 467. Shi'ism: The History of Messianism and the Pursuit of Justice in Islamdom
Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

The course will survey the history of diverse Alid movements from the assassination of Ali (d.661) to the crystallization of shi'ism into distinct political, legal and theological schools (Twelver, Isma'ili, Zaydi), and ends with the establishment of Twelver Shi'ism as an imperial religion in Safvi Iran (1501-1722). Emphasis on the debate over authority.

NEAREAST 423. Islamic Law
NEAREAST 216. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will introduce students to classical Islamic legal theory and some applications of positive law in the Sunni tradition. This will include an examination of such key issues as ijtihad versus taqlid, the madhhab (or school of law), the legal responsum (fatwa), legal eclecticism, and the issue of legal change, stasis and borrowing.

NEAREAST 424 / RELIGION 461. Islamic Intellectual History
Taught in English. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

A comparative study of Islamic Sufism, theosophy, philosophy, and dialectical theology, focusing on how these diverse fields - varying in methodology and purpose - have conceived of God and the relationship between him and the created world, especially the world of human beings.

NEAREAST 426. An Introduction to Modern Armenian Literature
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course will outline a history of Armenian Literature from the 16th to the 20th centuries, concentrating on the works of major authors who flourished within and without Armenia. Both the traditional and new literature will be analyzed, but a greater emphasis will be placed on the 19th-20th centuries, including Eastern and Western Armenian literatures, literature of the post-Genocide dispersion, and that of Soviet Armenia.

NEAREAST 429. Topics in Modern Arabic Literature in Translation
(3). May be elected three times for credit.

Topics for this course will vary. The class is conducted in English with all readings in English.

NEAREAST 430. History of Arabic Literature in English
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the literary history of Arabic, from the earliest to modern times. Works in English translation will exemplify this literature which is drawn from poetry and prose. Lectures and class discussion will relate these writings to the societies, historical circumstances, and cultural values to which they give expression.

NEAREAST 432 / HISTORY 429 / RELIGION 496 / WOMENSTD 471. Gender and Sexuality in Pre-Modern Islam
Students should preferably have had one course in Islamic Studies. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to Muslim understanding of gender and gender relations, first through a study of those sacred texts (Qur'an and Hadith) that came to define the ideal woman and man, as well as their roles and relationships. Then, gender participation in the political and cultural life of the Safavi, Ottoman and Mughal Courts shall be explored to view the interplay between theory and practice.

NEAREAST 433 / WOMENSTD 496. Gender and Representation in the Modern Middle East
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An examination of the construction of gender as pertains to the contemporary Middle East (predominately but not exclusively the Arab Middle East) as found in a wide array of literary and cultural representations (fiction, travel accounts, photographs, painting, film) produced both in the Middle East and outside of it.

NEAREAST 437 / CLCIV 483 / RELIGION 488. Christianity and Hellenistic Civilizations
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This seminar course covers a number of topics exploring the relationship between Christianity as a religious tradition in antiquity and the cultural and social traditions of the ancient Mediterranean.

NEAREAST 438. Exhibiting Ancient Egypt: Past Culture in the Modern Museum
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This seminar explores how ancient Egypt is displayed, interpreted and constructed in the context of museums. The course covers a historic overview of ancient Egyptian artifacts in museums, and examines issues surrounding museum display and interpretation of Egyptian material, and how contemporary understandings of ancient Egypt are shaped by museums.

NEAREAST 440 / AAS 474. The Archaeology of Nubia
NEAREAST 243 (ACABS 281), NEAREAST 338 (ACABS 382), AAS 200, or ANTHRARC 282. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course presents the archaeology and history of one of Africa's earliest civilizations, Nubia, which is located along the Nile in what is today southern Egypt and northern Sudan. It summarizes developments in Nubian history from the expansion of the Sahara desert and the first human settlement in the Nile Valley and concluding with the fall of Meroe in about AD 300. Topics include rise of states and empires, colonialism, identities, international trade, and the relationship of climate change to social development. The course concludes with discussions of modern politics of cultural heritage and museums in the Middle East and Africa.

NEAREAST 441 / WOMENSTD 487. Gender and Society in Ancient Egypt
Some familiarity with Egypt is helpful. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Using ancient texts in translation, secondary readings and artifacts in the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, students in this course will examine the definitions of gender, gender roles and relations and the impact of status, religion, sexuality and ethnicity on ancient Egyptian understandings of gender.

NEAREAST 442 / JUDAIC 470. Reading the Rabbis
NESLANG 202 or HEBREW 202. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in NEAREAST 242 (ACABS 270/HJCS 270/JUDAIC 270).

Students will study rabbinic sugyot in the original language and discuss modern scholarship and theory on rabbinic literature.

NEAREAST 455 / JUDAIC 478 / RELIGION 478. Modern Jewish Thought
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An exploration of selected 20th-century Jewish thinkers and their responses to the crisis of modernity (and post-modernity): the breakdown of traditional Jewish culture and its system of meaning; the encounter with, and assimilation of, Western culture; the impact of the traumas of World War I and the Holocaust; and the contemporary quest for intimacy and tikkun, or "healing."

NEAREAST 456 / JUDAIC 468 / RELIGION 469. Jewish Mysticism
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

A critical study of the historical development of Jewish mysticism, its symbolic universe and its social ramifications. While the course will survey mystical traditions from the early rabbinic period through the modern, the focus will be on the variegated medieval stream known as kabbalah.

NEAREAST 476 / JUDAIC 467 / RELIGION 471. Seminar: Topics in the Study of Judaism
(3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term.

Topics within history of modern Judaism such as reform and tradition in modern Judaism, theological responses to the Holocaust, modern Jewish philosophy. Topics will change.

NEAREAST 483 / MENAS 493. Comparative Perspectives of the Middle East and North Africa
(1). May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credits. May be elected more than once in the same term. Rackham credit requires additional work.

This 1-credit course, jointly offered by CMENAS and the Near Eastern Studies, brings together a diverse cohort of specialists covering 5000 years of history, languages, and culture, and a geographical area stretching from the Atlantic to Central Asia. Through a series of lectures by UM faculty and outside speakers, addressing a particular theme chose for that semester, students consider multiple perspectives of comparative research across the ages and cultures.

NEAREAST 487 / HISTORY 443. Modern Middle East History
(4). May not be repeated for credit.

Impact of the West on the Islamic Near East in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Emphasis is on the modernization of the Ottoman Empire and Republican Turkey and Egypt, the rise of the Arab and Zionist nationalisms and the subsequent Arab-Israeli dispute, and inter-Arab and international rivalries to the present.

NEAREAST 490. Topics in Near Eastern Studies
(3). May be elected twice for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Near Eastern Studies. The course will be taught by a temporary faculty member or as a testing course for permanent faculty. Topics will vary, focusing on such areas as film, literature, history, popular culture, religion, etc.

NEAREAST 492. Mini-course in Near Eastern Studies
At least one prior course in Near Eastern studies and/or related to the topic of the course. (1 - 3). May be elected twice for credit.

Special topics in Near Eastern studies offered in a mini-course format. Topics will vary but typically center around such disciplines as literature, linguistics, history, religion, visual culture, or cultural studies.

NEAREAST 498. Senior Honors Thesis
Consent of department required. (1 - 6). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected twice for credit.

This independent study aids Near Eastern Studies majors in completing original research through an honors thesis.

NEAREAST 499. Independent Study in Near Eastern Studies
Consent of department required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected four times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

An independent study course in the area of Near Eastern Studies. The intended language of instruction is English. Approval from the department is required.

NEAREAST 517. Classical Persian Texts
PERSIAN 202. (3). May be elected four times for credit.

A survey of classical Persian prose and poetry. A variety of authors and textual histories are explored.

NEAREAST 518. Persianate History Through Political and Cultural Texts
PERSIAN 202 or advanced reading knowledge of Persian. (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 9 credits.

Persian history is explored through literature, looking at poetry and prose that spans several centuries and political movements.

NEAREAST 520. Readings in Classical Islamic Texts
ARABIC 402. (3). May be elected four times for credit.

Selected theological, philosophical, historical, and geographical texts.

NEAREAST 535. Selected Topics in Ancient Egyptian History and Culture
NEAREAST 243 or 338. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credits.

This course is an in-depth seminar on the pivotal Middle Kingdom (ca. 2040-1650 BCE) in ancient Egypt which investigates the period from a diachronic and critical historical perspective through a combination of textual and archaeological date. We will also contextualize the complex political, social and religious trends of the Middle Kingdom Egypt within the larger and interrelated systems of cultures in Africa, The Aegean and southwest Asia.

NEAREAST 590. Topics in Near Eastern Studies
Upper-level undergraduates or graduate students with previous coursework in Near Eastern studies. (3). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course is for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in the field of Near Eastern Studies taught by a temporary faculty or as a testing course for permanent faculty. Topics will vary.

Near East Studies Languages (NESLANG)
NESLANG 101. Elementary Classical Hebrew I
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the language and style of the Hebrew Bible and other ancient texts written in Hebrew. Regular instruction on grammar and vocabulary with drills.

NESLANG 102. Elementary Classical Hebrew II
NESLANG 101 (ACABS 101). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Lessons and exercises on the language of the Hebrew Bible and other ancient texts written in Hebrew. Presentation of grammar and vocabulary.

NESLANG 201. Intermediate Classical Hebrew I
NESLANG 102 (ACABS 102). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Introduction to the Hebrew language and literature of Ancient Israel which includes, but is not limited to, the biblical traditions. Special emphasis is placed on refining the student's knowledge of Classical Hebrew through the study of Hebrew syntax.

NESLANG 202. Intermediate Classical Hebrew II
NESLANG 201 (ACABS 201). (3). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit.

Introduction to Classical Hebrew language and literature through the reading and analysis of Biblical and extra-Biblical texts from the time of Ancient Israel. Special emphasis placed on the study of Classical Hebrew syntax.

NESLANG 307 / GREEK 307. The Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark and Luke
GREEK 101 and 102; and permission of instructor. (4). May not be repeated for credit.

Careful attention will be paid to the morphology and syntax of Koine Greek, particularly as the morphology and syntax contrasts with Attic Greek. The three Gospels will be read in their entirety, with close attention paid to stylistic differences in the accounts.

NESLANG 410. Topics in Near Eastern Language
Students should not enroll in the same topic twice. (3). May be elected four times for credit.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students who wish to pursue proficiency in a Near Eastern language not regularly taught by the department. Topics will vary, but will focus on introducing the basic grammar, vocabulary, and writing systems of a Near Eastern language.

NESLANG 415. Elementary Hittite
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the earliest-attested Indo-European language. Presentation of the fundamentals of Hittite grammar and orientation to the cuneiform writing system. Consideration of the position of Hittite among the languages of Europe and the Near East.

NESLANG 420. Introduction to Akkadian
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to Akkadian, an east Semitic language (part of the greater Afroasiatic language family) that was spoken in ancient Mesopotamia.

NESLANG 430. Introduction to Middle Egyptian I
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to the grammar and literature of ancient Egypt, and to the hieroglyphic script.

NESLANG 435. Introduction to Sumerian
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is an introduction to Sumerian, a language of ancient Sumer, which was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).

NESLANG 440. Coptic I
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

An introduction to Coptic, a northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in Egypt until at least the 17th century.

NESLANG 441. Coptic II
NESLANG 440 or permission of instructor. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

NESLANG 450. Introductory Central Asian Language I
(4 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at a basic level in the Central Asian language of their choice. Repeatable for different languages.

NESLANG 451. Introductory Central Asian Language II
NESLANG 450 (or AAPTIS 119 or ASIANLAN 119), with a minimum grade of C- or better. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (4 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. May not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at a basic level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

NESLANG 460. Introduction to Demotic Egyptian
(3). May not be repeated for credit.

This course is an introduction to Demotic, the indigenous language/script used in ancient Egypt from around 650 BCE to 450 CE for documentary, monumental, literary, religious and magical texts. No prior knowledge of Egyptian is assumed. We learn Demotic working through a Demotic literary text, the Instructions of Onchsheshonqy.

NESLANG 470 / GREEK 473. Advanced Koine
Two years of Greek, one term of New Testament Greek (300 level or equivalent). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Interpretation of selected New Testament texts with attention to philological, historical, and theological problems. This course also provides an introduction to questions of the textual transmission of New Testament writings.

NESLANG 480. Intermediate Central Asian Language I
NESLANG 450 (or AAPTIS 120 or ASIANLAN 120), with a minimum grade of C- or better. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3 - 5). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term. Students may not repeat the same language at the same level.

This course develops students' ability to speak, listen, read, and write at an intermediate level in the Central Asian language of their choice.

NESLANG 499. Independent Study in Near Eastern Language
Consent of department required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

An independent study course taught in one of the languages under the NESLANG subject code of the Department of Near Eastern Studies. Approval from the department is required.

NESLANG 513. Readings in Akkadian
NESLANG 420. (Prerequisites enforced at registration.) (3). May not be repeated for credit.

Readings in Akkadian meant for advanced students in the language.

NESLANG 514. Akkadian Literary Texts
NESLANG 513 (ACABS 412). (3). May be elected nine times for a maximum of 12 credits.

Reading in cuneiform of economic texts and administrative documents from various sites of the Old Babylonian period. The course will also serve as an introduction to the variety of archives and scribal traditions of this period.

NESLANG 515. Akkadian Documents
NESLANG 513 (ACABS 412). (3). May be elected four times for credit.

Readings of Akkadian legal, administrative, and economic documents.

Persian (PERSIAN)
The Department of Near Eastern Studies offers Persian language courses on all levels. At every level of our language program, we teach to enhance the cognitive abilities and intellectual curiosity of our students. Our language courses focus on the development of all four basic language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing). Through Persian language acquisition we aim to provide contexts and meanings as we challenge students to explore other world-views and learn to think about cultures critically. The advanced level Persian courses introduce students to Persian poetry and prose from the medieval to the modern era. These advanced level courses aim to provide a deeper and more textured knowledge of Iranian culture, history and society. They are part of a well-developed program on Persian language, literature, and culture designed to develop linguistic, literary, and methodological skills for scholarly research.

Though housed in NES, the courses and programming for Persian language and literature draw on resources, faculty and students from across the university, who cross the disciplinary boundaries of archaeology (Henry Wright), history of art (Christiane Gruber, Margaret Root), history (Kathryn Babayan, Juan Cole), and linguistics and language (Behrad Aghaei). Few universities in the United States enjoy such a large and distinguished concentration of scholars working on Iran.

PERSIAN 101. Elementary Persian I
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in PERSIAN 103 (AAPTIS 143).

An introduction to Persian, this course sets out to equip students with a basic understanding of Persian grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, and culture.

PERSIAN 102. Elementary Persian II
PERSIAN 101 (AAPTIS 141). (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in PERSIAN 103 (AAPTIS 143).

PERSIAN 201. Intermediate Persian I
PERSIAN 102 (AAPTIS 142) or PERSIAN 103 (AAPTIS 143). (4). May not be repeated for credit.

This is an intermediate to advanced level course in Persian, emphasizing oral fluency, reading comprehension, and written expression.

PERSIAN 202. Intermediate Persian II
PERSIAN 201 (AAPTIS 241). (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit.

PERSIAN 404. Modern Persian Poetry
At least two years of Persian or its equivalent are required to enroll. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

This upper-level course introduces students to the aesthetically rich and politically charged world of modern Persian poetry.

PERSIAN 410. Topics in Persian Language
Advanced proficiency in Persian or permission of instructor. (3). May be elected three times for credit.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students with advanced Persian language proficiency. Topics will vary, focusing on aspects of culture, linguistics, literature, music, religion, film, history, etc. All material will be in Persian, and the class will be taught in Persian.

PERSIAN 499. Independent Study in Persian
Consent of department required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

An independent study course in the area of Persian language. The intended language of instruction is Persian. Approval from the department is required.

PERSIAN 504. Modern Persian Fiction
PERSIAN 202 (AAPTIS 242). (3). May not be repeated for credit.

An exploration of modern Persian fiction. This course introduces students to great works and notable authors. All texts are in Persian.

PERSIAN 505. Modern Persian Nonfiction
PERSIAN 202 (AAPTIS 242). Taught in Persian. (3). May not be repeated for credit.

An exploration of modern Persian non-fiction. This course introduces students to great works and notable authors. All texts are in Persian.

Turkish Studies (TURKISH)
TURKISH 101. Elementary Turkish I
(4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in TURKISH 103 (AAPTIS 155).

An introduction to Turkish language, this course aims to equip students with a basic understanding of Turkish grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, and culture.

TURKISH 102. Elementary Turkish II
TURKISH 101 (AAPTIS 151) or equivalent. (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in TURKISH 103 (AAPTIS 155).

TURKISH 201. Intermediate Turkish I
TURKISH 102 (AAPTIS 152) or TURKISH 103 (AAPTIS 155). (4). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in TURKISH 203 (AAPTIS 255).

Part of the department sequence in modern Turkish, this course will be an immediate continuation of Elementary Turkish II. The aim is to further improve proficiency skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing.

TURKISH 202. Intermediate Turkish II
TURKISH 201 (AAPTIS 251). (4). (Lang Req). May not be repeated for credit. No credit granted to those who have completed or are enrolled in TURKISH 203 (AAPTIS 255).

TURKISH 410. Topics in Turkish Language
Advanced Turkish proficiency or permission of instructor. (3). May be elected three times for credit.

This course is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students with advanced Turkish language proficiency. Topics will vary, focusing on aspects of culture, linguistics, literature, music, religion, film, history, etc. All material will be in Turkish, and the class will be taught in Turkish.

TURKISH 499. Independent Study in Turkish
Consent of department required. (1 - 4). (INDEPENDENT). May be elected three times for credit. May be elected more than once in the same term.

An independent study course in the area of Turkish language. The intended language of instruction is Turkish. Approval from the department is required.

TURKISH 504. Modern Turkish Readings
TURKISH 202 (AAPTIS 252) or TURKISH 203 (AAPTIS 255). (3). May be elected three times for credit.

Intensive linguistic practice in modern Turkish with thorough literary, historical, and philological analysis.

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